History of the Balance Ball and Bosu

Updated on September 19, 2017

The history of the balance ball and how it came to acquire its name as the "Swiss Ball" is fascinating. The companion fitness tool known as the Bosu® also has a memorable provenance. More importantly, the purposes and the many uses are the real story that is tangible for us today. These highly engineered instability fitness tools take our workout routine from targeting muscles to true functional training, improving our athletic ability and improving our overall health. These tools are wonderful. Read on and learn why and how they work.

Fit Ball Original Logo

FIT-BALL is a registered trade mark of Ledraplastic spa., Osoppo/Italy
FIT-BALL is a registered trade mark of Ledraplastic spa., Osoppo/Italy

History of the "Swiss Ball" or Balance Ball

The balance ball was actually invented by an Italian man, a toymaker by trade, named Aquilino Cosani. He invented it in the 1960s. The "toy" did not come into fame until Swiss physical therapists incorporated the new invention into their therapy programs, thus the name the "Swiss Ball" not the "Italian Ball". In the 1980s, the balance ball was introduced into the United State and has since become a fundamental fitness tool that is present at every gym and health club in the United States.

The magic of computers and the United States Patent Office allows us to bring to you the illustration to the right of the original "jumping ball". In 968, the Italian patent was first granted and then in 1971, the US patent was issued to Aquilino Cosani. The names for the stability ball which provided the instability that would become a great fitness tool for all included:

"Hoppity Hop, Hop Ball, Kangaroo Ball Kangaroo Hopper"

The Swiss Ball or balance ball as commonly referred to is an exercise or stability ball, a fitness tool that is a large, inflatable ball designed well for various exercises to change the core. With 640 muscles in the human body, it is helpful to incorporate multifunctional exercises that target train more than one group at a time.

Efficiency of the Multifunctional Exercises

The efficiency of the balance ball exercise has been noted by young and old alike and have been incorporated into both the fitness routines of elite athletes and seniors and rehabilitation programs across the world. Just try to walk into a gym or health club and not find a balance ball. Just try to spend more than 10 minutes in a gym and not see the balance ball in use! This fitness tool—former toy—is now an essential tool in all physical fitness programs across the United States - perhaps the world?

Primary Focus of the Swiss Ball

Strengthening your abdominal muscles, hips and lower back is the primary objective of this fitness tool. Challenging your core on the balance ball, will allow you to activate new muscles—often muscles that are hard to target train with traditional stationery exercises.

In recent years, the balance ball has seen a popular trend by sitting on the balance ball while working at your desk. This activity actually serves two purposes - improving your posture and toning your midsection.

Balance balls, also referred to as Swiss, exercise or stability balls, are large, inflatable pieces of exercise equipment that provide a challenging workout. Perform your exercises on a balance ball and integrate new movements that burn calories, challenge your balance and contribute to gains in core strength--abdominal muscles, hips and lower back. Sit on a balance ball while working at your desk and improve your posture while toning your midsection.


Proprioception: Multi-Dimensional Movement

"Perception of stimuli relating to position, posture, equilibrium, or internal condition. Receptors (nerve endings) in skeletal muscles and on tendons provide constant information on limb position and muscle action for coordination of limb movements. Awareness of equilibrium changes ....The central nervous system integrates signals from the canals to perceive rotation in three dimensions. See also sense." source: answers.com/topic/proprioception

"The main features of the Fitball

  • The Fitball can be used for all ages and fitness levels.
    It improves endurance, strength and mobility .
  • It provides exercises for better posture, balance, body  awareness and coordination.
  • It can be  used for group and individual exercise at the club or at home.  
  • It promotes functional movement for everyday life. 

An important commercial aspects: Only few products provide so many opportunities for different exercises at such convenient price."  source:  gymnic.com

What Does the Inflatable Ball Called the Balance Ball Really Do?

The lack of stability forces the body to react. It is the muscles that are activated that are in the center of our body commonly referred to as the "core". The "core" muscles include the abdominals and the obliques and to a lesser degree the back muscles. These are the muscles that help humans stand erect.

Interestingly, a Veterinary yesterday stated that animals do not have spinal problems such as humans. The neck and spine pain that plagues human is a human thing only. While humans share many of the same types of bones and blood and cells and ligament, the walking erect is solely a human activity. Funny you would think the Giraffe would have more neck problems than me!

Our Spine Needs Muscles for Protection

The human spine needs muscle to protect it. Therefore, activating the muscles around the core is an important physical therapy exercise to help speed recovery. More importantly, in order to prevent injury to both athletes and health conscious humans such as ourselves, the activation of the core is a fundamental exercise.

  • Protecting Our Backs - Building Back/Core Muscles

As the Gymnic website details the balance training for the back and core muscles is a "supplement" not a cure. Building muscle to protect the spine can help but not provide a permanent cure.

"It should be noted that the Gymnastic Ball is not a miracle-cure for back ache and pain caused by improper or repetitive work habits. It is on the other hand considered a useful and practical supplement for necessary exercise."

The instability of the balance ball engages our muscles in a non-linear movement that can be best described as a multi-dimensional movement.

  • Benefits of Training Movements Not Training/Isolating Muscles - Train Beyond Strength and Beauty

Allot of what we do in fitness is isolating the muscle for the sake of strength and atrophy...- all in the name of appearances. Yet, our body demands movement. Training for movements provides benefits beyond strength and beauty. "Training for movement" rather than target toning allows us to improve our flexibility, our posture, and increase our speed in responding to different physical demands. Training for movement activates our core muscles and improves our balance and may prevent trips and falls.

  • Balance Ball Appropriate Height Needed for Fitness

Finding a Swiss Ball that is the proper size for your height is important. The test is when you sit on the ball, you want your hips and knees to form a 90-degree angle.

Beginning Exercises

Start off slow as with any new exercise program. Also, reduce your weights. Beginning with exercises that require sitting (bicep curls is a great example for one) or lying (such as crunches) are recommended.

  • Recruit More Muscles

What is great about the Swiss Ball is you can target tone and train for movement. This multi-tasking in your exercise routine will pay off in allowing you to burn more calories for the amount of time that you are exercising. Remember you will also reduce or prevent trips and falls as you are training your body to respond.

The History of the Bosu: The Advanced Balance Ball


David Weck Founder and Inventor of Bosu Fitness

photo courtesy of bosufitness.com
photo courtesy of bosufitness.com

History of the Bosu

The Bosu is a relatively new fitness tool yet very common and very popular tool introduced in 1999 by an innovator and visionary, David Weck. A self-proclaimed "physiology geek" who has poured his efforts into the study of physiology. David is "a voracious reader" who draws tremendous influence from the works of Moshe Feldenkrais, Ida Rolf, and F.M. Alexander, all of whom were pioneers in somatic (body) education. He continues to expands his knowledge in diverse areas including Traditional Chinese Medicine and Tai Chi Chuan.

Bosu is pronounced "Bo" like the boy's name and "Sue" like the girl's name. David Weck developed this unusual fitness tool which means "both sides up" or to actively engage both sides in training building upon his philosophy that balance or functional training is the foundation for all sports and exercise.

Elite athletes and their head trainers, strength and conditioning coaches know the efficiency and effectiveness of this tool to train balance, core stability and proprioception. Many feel the proprioception tools such as the Bosu Balance Trainers and the Swiss Ball have taken both sports and fitness into a new realm and was the beginning of functional training taking target toning and strength to a new level of agility and refinement.

"But on their own, Bosu products are just molded plastic, weighted rubber, and stability balls with secret filling. You have to engage them in order to bring them to life! So, beyond our products, we offer a system of mindful action, intentional movement and smart science that produces results."

Ambidexterity Training

Ambidexterity training is training of the hands and eyes to effectively switch and engage with no favoritism. David developed another training tool called the Quick Hands Bola Trainer.

David's Philosophy on His Personal Fitness

If Jack LaLane was the father of strength and body building, David Weck is the forerunner or founding father in the United States for functional training. To quote David:

"I don't lift heavy weights like I used to very often these days. But I perform exercises with ropes and sticks/bars that most "stronger guys" simply can't handle - because they don't train the way I do. As a result, my movements are fluid and my strength is spiral in nature."

Share Your Experiences

Have you tried the Bosu?

See results

Share Your Preferences

If you have tried both the Bosu and the balance ball, do you have a preference?

See results

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2010 Kelly A Burnett


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Easy Exercise profile imageAUTHOR

      Kelly A Burnett 

      4 years ago from United States

      I don't know about the chair - have never tried that one but I can see where my core would be activated and my back would be straight.

      The standing work stations for computers is a much needed invention that someday I hope to incorporate in my routine. Meanwhile, a sitting I shall go and hopefully work in a few exercises on the balance ball during the week to compensate.

    • starbright profile image

      Lucy Jones 

      4 years ago from Scandinavia

      This stability ball fitness method sounds like fun and that chair - although strange looking, probably does wonders for anyone that has to sit for long periods of time. Thanks so much for sharing.

    • Easy Exercise profile imageAUTHOR

      Kelly A Burnett 

      5 years ago from United States

      Hi Kalin,

      Oh, pun intended "ball of the park" for the balance ball posters! Cute!

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      You've hit the ball out the park! Indcireble!

    • GmaGoldie profile image

      Kelly Kline Burnett 

      10 years ago from Madison, Wisconsin

      H P Roychoudhury,

      I thought the story was amazing. Isn't it interesting how things come into being. The funny thing is how popular this toy has become for fitness. I loved the story and I hope my enthusiasm comes shining through in the article.

    • H P Roychoudhury profile image

      H P Roychoudhury 

      10 years ago from Guwahati, India

      Hi GmaGoldie, You have nicely described how an Italian balance ball gets its popularity as Swiss Ball and finally named as Stability Ball in the United States turning into a human Fitness Tool. What a wonderful turn of discovery!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, caloriebee.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)