Pineapple Cultivation, Uses, and Harvesting
Pineapple belongs to the Bromeliaceae family of plants. It is a perennial that grows in tropical regions and is drought resistant. The flowers are borne from an inflorescence, which means that once they bloom, the individual fruitlets coalesce to form the pineapple. The individual fruitlets can be identified by the eyes seen on the pineapple skin.
The fruit is cylindrical in shape, with a crown of spiny leaves and rough, scaly skin. Pineapple can grow to be up to a foot long. It has bright yellow, fibrous flesh and a tart flavour that becomes sweeter as it ripens. The skin colour ranges from green to yellow, to orange.
How Pineapple Is Grown
Pineapple can be cultivated by cutting off the crown and planting the stock, or from the many side shoots that are produced in the leaf axils of the main stem after the first fruit is produced.
Where Pineapple Is Grown
Pineapples originated in South America but are now grown in more than 80 countries of the world including Thailand, the Philippines, India, China, Brazil, Mexico, and the USA.
How to Choose a Pineapple
Pineapple does not ripen once picked, so choose one that smells sweet at the base. Avoid buying ones that smell musty, sour, or fermented.
Uses of Pineapple
Pineapple is used in a variety of culinary ways. It can be juiced, canned, or eaten fresh. It is commonly used in desserts, jams, jellies, yoghurt, ice cream, fruit salads, and much more. Not only is pineapple a wonderful snack, but the fibre of the leaves can also be used in furnishings like wallpaper.
Easy Homemade Pineapple Jam Recipe
Pineapple is sweeter at the base of the fruit because the sugar content is more concentrated at the bottom in comparison to the top.
Pineapple Nutrition Facts
Pineapple is an excellent source of vitamin C and manganese. It also contains vitamins B1, B6, niacin, folate, copper, and dietary fibre in the form of pectin. It also contains the enzyme bromelain, which is unique to pineapples (and is also the reason pineapple can leave a stinging feeling in our mouths).
One study found that, if refrigerated, freshly cut pineapple maintains its nutritional value for up to six days.
Serving Size 100g
Amount Per Serving
% Daily Value
The Health Benefits of Pineapple
- Bromelain can help with nasal and sinus inflammation.
- The high vitamin C content helps boost the immune system and protects against age-related vision problems. It also may protect against heart disease, cancer, colds, and flu. It's also great for maintaining bone health, reducing wrinkles in ageing skin, and preventing scurvy.
- Vitamin B1 also boosts the immune system.
- The manganese content can be beneficial to people with anaemia and can help relieve painful joints.
Pineapple Use as a Home Remedy
Pineapple and pineapple juice can be used to:
- Relieve a sore throat
- Ease indigestion or upset stomach
- Help with anxiety (according to some)
How to Cut a Pineapple
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 06, 2013:
Thanks, Mahavir and Rebecca!
Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on September 06, 2013:
Yum! I'm going to try the pineapple drink . The ginger ale will add fizz. Thanks for such extensive nutrition information, rajan!
Mahaveer Sanglikar from Pune, India on September 05, 2013:
Rajan, you are doing a great work by sharing your knowledge, I am proud of you. Keep up this good work.
Shared this Hub with my Hub followers.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 22, 2013:
IslandBites from Puerto Rico on June 20, 2013:
Love pineapple. Nice hub!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 18, 2013:
Compu-smart, good to know you have been motivated to try eating pineapple. Thanks.
Tony Sky from London UK on June 18, 2013:
I never buy a pineapple because I find it so big and clumsy to deal with just like mangoes, but after reading this article I will buy a pineapple today and every week.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 22, 2013:
It is always a pleasure to read your comments and get motivated by them. Many thanks for all the votes and shares. Hope you have a nice day.
Paul Richard Kuehn from Udorn City, Thailand on March 21, 2013:
This is a very useful hub. Your photos are exceptionally good, and I really have learned a lot. I first came into a lot of contact with pineapples when I lived in Taiwan in the 70s. My ex-wife's father used to grow them on the side of a hill. Now that I am in Thailand, I also see and eat a lot of pineapple. From past experience, pineapple and its juice especially if the pineapple is very ripe and sweet is a good laxative and will definitely keep you regular. Voted up and sharing with followers and on Facebook. Also Pinning.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 04, 2013:
Thanks for stopping by Emmanuel. Nice to know you like the info.
Emmanuel Kariuki from Nairobi, Kenya on February 04, 2013:
I eat a slice of pineapple everyday just because I like it. Now after reading this, I know there is more to my craving than just thirst and a sweet taste. Another great hub rajan jolly!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 20, 2013:
Au fait - Thanks for sharing your experience with pineapple and glad you like the info. Thanks for stopping by.
Neelu - I'm glad you find the info useful. Thanks for reading.
Deepali from India on January 19, 2013:
simply juicy and tasty fruit with full of nutritions.
Deepali from India on January 19, 2013:
Good information about pineapple. It is really a juicy fruit with a great taste and nutritious too.
C E Clark from North Texas on January 18, 2013:
Pineapple has so many good benefits. Our doctor recommended it for our little one (about 2 years at the time) as a natural remedy for constipation and it worked within a reasonable time and much better than over the counter drugs, etc.
I love pineapple upside down cake. Excellent hub full of great advice. Voted up, useful, interesting, and will share!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 06, 2013:
Hi Lisa, thanks for appreciating the information. Glad to see you.
Lisa Brown from Michigan on January 05, 2013:
It's great that pineapple is good for so many things. I'm going to drink pineapple juice instead of orange juice in the morning.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 10, 2012:
Lol! I too wish someone would come out with such a tool. In the meantime, I'm happy peeling them the way the video shows it.
Glad you liked the info. Shukriya for visiting!
Elena from London, UK on December 10, 2012:
Awesome, healthy Hub. I love pineapple but I don't buy it a lot because of the peeling aspect. I'm waiting for someone to invent a pineapple peeler.
Great Hub. Shukriya...
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 06, 2012:
You are right dinkan. Pineapple is wonderful for digestion. Appreciate the visit and sharing.
dinkan53 from India on December 03, 2012:
Pineapple is known for its great taste and is rich in vitamins and minerals. They also got a unique property of digesting proteins. I eat a lot of pineapple which keeps my digestive system healthy. Thanks for sharing this useful hub. Voted and shared.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 01, 2012:
Glad you like the info and nice to know you love eating them. Thanks for the visit, votes and sharing.
Joana e Bruno from Algarve, Portugal on November 30, 2012:
Hi, Rajan, I just love pineapples, they're one of my favourite fruits and the ones from Azores are really delicious... I'm happy to find out that not only are they delicious, but they have so many benefits. Voted up, useful and sharing! Have a great day!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 27, 2012:
@ Aurelio - I agree, pineapple is a delicious, tasty and colorful fruit. Thanks.
@ Marlene - Thanks and glad to know you like the info.
Marlene Bertrand from USA on November 27, 2012:
This is excellent information about pineapples. One of my favorite flavor combinations involves pineapple. For dessert, I enjoy eating yogurt topped with pineapple and honey. I will try your pineapple drink. It sounds delicious and I like the benefits it provides.
Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on November 27, 2012:
Other than these health benefits, some other advantages of pineapple are they taste good, add a tropical flavor to any food and are quite decorative. Voting this Up and Useful.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 26, 2012:
@ Peggy - I'm glad you were reminded of some sweet memories and found the info useful. Many thanks for reading, voting and sharing.
@ Linda - That is right, the sweetness spreads throughout the pineapple on making it stand on its head for a while. Thanks for the input.
@ Mary - thanks for the compliment and the votes.
@ torrilynn - glad you enjoyed reading the hub. Thanks for stopping by.
@ Prasetio - Thanks my friend. Always a pleasure to see you.
prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on November 26, 2012:
I love pineapple. I always make a pineapple juice or fruit soup with this fruit. It's so juicy. Thanks for share the health benefit of pineapple and the nutrition facts as well. Voted up!
torrilynn on November 26, 2012:
I really enjoyed reading about pineapples. I really love the fruit and consider it to be my second favorite fruit. I love that this fruit has many health benefits behind it in order to keep an individual healthy. the history behind it was also very interesting. thank you.
Mary Craig from New York on November 26, 2012:
Now you've surprised me...I never knew the fiber of the leaves were used for "furnishings"....you are always such a font of information and a healthy one at that! Your choice of video's is the topping on the cake (metaphorically speaking).
Voted up, useful, and interesting.
Linda Bilyeu from Orlando, FL on November 26, 2012:
Yummilicious pineapple! I heard on Dr. Oz that if you remove the top part and allow the pineapple to stand top side down for a day the sugar redistributes throughout the pineapple. I haven't tried it, but the idea sounded good! :)
Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on November 26, 2012:
Seeing that photo of the pineapple upside down cake brought back memories of my mother making it on occasion. Good to know among its other health benefits that consuming pineapple helps with macular degeneration. Always enjoy reading your health hubs. Up, useful and will share.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 25, 2012:
@ Brett - I'm glad you love the sweet & juicy pineapple. Thanks for the votes and sharing.
@ beingwell - thanks for visiting and commenting.
@ teaches - glad you liked the tips and the pineapple pie recipe. Hope you try it. Thanks for coming by.
@ deergha - I'm glad you are inspired to consume more of this tasty and healthy fruit. Thanks for your feedback. I appreciate your visit.
@ georgescifo - you are right. Thanks for reading.
@ crystaleyes - I hope you try out the eggless cake recipe. Glad you found something of interest in this hub. Thanks for stopping by.
@ healthylife - Glad the upside down pineapple cake recipe brought back happy memories for you. I too have no idea if the platelets rise after consuming the fruit but would be interested to know . Thanks for sparing time to read and visit.
@ GTF - Interesting to learn that 2 different cultures way away from each other call pineapple by the same name. Glad you like pineapple. Envisioning the benefits of a healthy food doubles its taste, doesn't it?
Thanks for being here.
@ zubair - thanks for your input. Glad to see you here.
@ Deborah - so nice to see you. Glad you like the info .Thanks.
@ Rasma - Glad you find the hub very much. I appreciate your visit and votes.
@ anglnwu - thanks for reading and your input.
anglnwu on November 25, 2012:
I just bought a pineapple, so this hub makes me feel even better that I did. I love pineapples , especially pineapple juice. Glad there are so many health benefits. Thanks for sharing.
Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on November 24, 2012:
Thanks for a great and informative hub and the terrific videos. I love pineapple. Passing this on.
Deborah Brooks Langford from Brownsville,TX on November 23, 2012:
I love pineapple . I love anything with pineapple on it .. great hub. thank you for telling. is all the benefits. of the pineapple ...
Zubair Ahmed on November 23, 2012:
Two of your hubs read in one day not bad, some very interesting facts. I like eating pineapples, especially made into a fritter with vanilla ice cream. Now I also know the health benefits of eating it.
Claudia Porter on November 23, 2012:
Awesome and voted up. Pineapple is one of my all time favorite fruits! Every time I eat it I envision all the healthy vitamins I'm getting. Interesting that it is called Ananas in India. It's the same in Germany!
healthylife2 on November 23, 2012:
Thanks for the great information. This is one of those fruits that tastes so good and has so many health benefits. I also heard that it helps bring the platelet count up. Mine tends to be on the low side so I will have to try it to see if I can speak from experience. The recipe for pineapple upside down cake looks good...my grandmother used to make it so I have good memories. Voted up and shared!
crystaleyes from Earth on November 23, 2012:
Awesome article Rajan, being a pure vegetarian, I found the eggless pineapple cake recipe very useful.. will surely try it.. Thanks a lot :-)
georgescifo from India on November 23, 2012:
It is always better to have a piece or two of pineapple as it helps in fast digestion of food. Pineapple is also recommended for those who smokes cigarettes as the juice is better at clearing some amount of nicotine accumulated in your body organs.
deergha from ...... a place beyond now and beyond here !!! on November 22, 2012:
Its really very useful to know so many benefits of pineapple. Thanks for sharing this one. We get lots of pineapple here in Assam. I do like it also very much. So now after knowing so many benefits I will love to have it more. Votes up and sharing too.
Dianna Mendez on November 22, 2012:
I must watch for the musty or sour smell when picking out a pineapple, good to know. The pineapple pie looks very interesting! Nice share, Rajan.
beingwell from Bangkok on November 22, 2012:
Voted up and useful! I enjoy pineapple juice and its freshly cut flesh. Yumyumyum! The fact that it's healthy as well is just icing on top of my appetite cake!
Brett C from Asia on November 22, 2012:
I always knew that this was very healthy, but I wasn't aware of the broad range of health benefits it provides. I love this fresh and extremely ripe in Asia, it is soooo sweet and juicy! Makes a great snack on a hot day.
Shared, up, interesting and awesome.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 22, 2012:
@ shiningirisheyes - Thanks for coming by.
@ RT - Appreciate you stopping by
@ vespawoolf - thanks for your feedback but is there any particular reason that the Northern part produces sweet pineapple while the Southern doesn't? Thanks for visiting.
Vespa Woolf from Peru, South America on November 22, 2012:
Pineapple really is a nutritional power house! Unfortunately, sweet pineapple is hard to come by in Southern Peru and is expensive. However, Northern Peru produces wonderfully sweet, juicy pineapples which I can only dream of now. : ( I didn't know it can be used to purge intestinal worms, how interesting. Thank you!
RTalloni on November 22, 2012:
Interesting to read more about pineapple, and a good reminder that eating a variety of fruits is a healthy choice!
Shining Irish Eyes from Upstate, New York on November 22, 2012:
It is a true pleasure to learn one of my favorite treats is as good for me as it is delicious.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 22, 2012:
@ viewfinders - thanls, I'm glad you liked the info.
Dex - thanks my friend and so glad to see you.
@ Mike - Thanks and I appreciate your comments and sharing as well bro. Always a pleasure to see you around.
Mike Pugh from New York City on November 22, 2012:
Pretty thorough hub here on the benefits health wise of consuming pineapples, I don't like the canned type like Dole, and mainly because it isn't organic or raw from out of nature, but I do see the benefits of organic pineapples for sure and straight from off of the tree.
I wish that food manufactures wouldn't go screwing with nature and all in their processing plants and we wouldn't have to worry so much about being so selective when we went to purchase such food items today.
Anyway, thanks for writing this very useful, and informative article Rajan, in the United States things are slowly but surely improving in terms of overall health consciousness.
Hub articles like these are definitely helping us us worldwide as well, awesome job! bro thumbs up and getting shared.
Dexter Yarbrough from United States on November 22, 2012:
Great hub on pineapples, which I eat mostly everyday! I am feeling better now armed with all this knowledge! Thanks, Rajan!
viewfinders from India on November 21, 2012:
really enjoyed reading this hub,Voted UP
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 21, 2012:
@ Carol - the first video here is on the way to cut a pineapple. For years We have struggled with finding the right way to cut pineapples and this video is just perfect to showcase it.
I'd love to read the health hubs you write so go right ahead. These hubs are always popular.
Thanks for dropping by and appreciate the sharing.
@ Sandra - Hi, glad you like the pineapple recipe and I would be thankful to know how it goes. Always a pleasure to see you and thanks for sharing.
@ Vellur - It's a pity you are allergic to this fine fruit. The video here shows the perfect way to cut a pineapple. Thanks for reading.
@ Harsha - thanks for visiting. Nice to see you always.
@ Bill - thanks for appreciating and glad to see you as always. Have a nice day.
@ Deborah - sorry to learn about your latex allergy but its best to avoid these fruits then. Thanks for coming by and leaving your comments.
@ Maria - Hi, thanks for such nice comments. It's always a pleasure to see you and I appreciate your visit.
@ moonfairy - Glad to note you found the info useful. Thanks for stopping by.
moonfairy on November 21, 2012:
Interesting hub and I adore pineapple. I just never knew it was so good for you!! thanks for the info =) voted up and interesting..
Maria Jordan from Jeffersonville PA on November 21, 2012:
I can see that I have been missing some of your great writing. This is a wonderful and comprehensive report on one of my favorite fruits.
The pineapple health drink sounds delicious and the pineapple ricotta pie looks sinful enough to try soon.
As always, I appreciate the neatly organized nutritional information.
Voted UP and UABI. Hugs, Maria
Deborah from Las Vegas on November 21, 2012:
This is well researched and so informative! Hi Rajan! You work so hard on these hubs. I have a severe latex allergy and am allergic to all the papaya fruits: pineapple, plums, nectarines, peaches, apricots, and now I think Avocados. Being exposed to latex in the hospitals for 30 years (I was also a nurse in the AF), has given me a progressive allergic condition that is from Latex exposure from gloves, IV products, and hundreds of other latex products. I can't step in the hospital anymore. Some nurses I've known have died from anaphylaxic shock. I really miss pineapple and mangoes! Great Hub! It makes me want a pineapple!
Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on November 21, 2012:
I always like it when you pic a food that I actually eat. Then I read all about the benefits and I feel real good about myself. :) Thank you for another wonderfully informative hub. Blessings to you and yours.
Harsha Vardhana R from Bangalore on November 21, 2012:
Simple pineapple drink is awesome!
Effect on stomach heat - a surprising benefit.
Thank you, Rajan! Up!
Nithya Venkat from Dubai on November 21, 2012:
I love pineapple but am allergic to it. Great information here. Slicing a pineapple is a real pain. wish there was an easy way to do it.
Sandra Busby from Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA on November 21, 2012:
What a great idea, Rajam, to include recipes in a hub about pineapple. I'm going out and buy some as I need all the kapha I can get. Voted up and shared.
carol stanley from Arizona on November 21, 2012:
I really enjoyed reading this hub as I just bought two pineapples. We eat a lot of fruit here and since I found a quick way to cut pineapple we have it often (when it is not too expensive). Great health hub as always. You do such a good job on this. Interestingly...I was going to write only health hubs as I have written so many articles in the past on health related subjects. Yours are a hard act to follow..actually all your writing is. Voting up and sharing