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Coffee Drinking: Health Benefits and Life Expectancy

Updated on August 29, 2017
AliciaC profile image

Linda Crampton is a teacher with an honors degree in biology. She enjoys exploring nutrition as well as the culture and history of food.

A cup of coffee and a magazine to read
A cup of coffee and a magazine to read | Source

A Healthy Beverage With Some Drawbacks

Coffee has had a reputation as a delicious but not-very-healthy beverage for a long time. Recently though—to the joy of coffee lovers everywhere that the news has reached—it's been found to have some important health benefits. According to researchers, drinking coffee significantly reduces the risk of several serious diseases that are more likely to strike us as we grow older, including type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, prostate cancer, liver disease, liver cancer, one type of skin cancer, and Alzheimer's disease.

Experiencing fewer diseases, especially those that may be fatal, can do wonders for increasing our lifespan. It certainly seems that we would have a chance of living longer if we drank coffee regularly, but it would be nice to have evidence for this assumption. Interestingly, there is some evidence for increased lifespan in coffee drinkers.

In May, 2012, The New England Journal of Medicine published the results of an almost fourteen year study of over 400,000 people. People who drank coffee every day were significantly less likely to die than non-coffee drinkers. In 2017, Spanish scientists reported that people who drank at least four cups of coffee a day had a 64% reduced risk of dying compared to the people in their survey who drank no or very little coffee. This study involved around 20,000 people and lasted for ten years. Drinking coffee has some drawbacks, but according to the present state of our knowledge its potential benefits may far outweigh its disadvantages.

Roasted coffee beans
Roasted coffee beans | Source

Results of surveys are often considered to be less accurate than results obtained from clinical trials. Surveys that involve a large number of people are generally given some respect, though.

Coffee Drinking and Longevity

The survey of coffee drinkers published in The New England Journal of Medicine asked 400,000+ people to fill in a questionnaire at the start of the study. In this questionnaire, people aged 50 to 71 described their coffee drinking habits. Those who had a serious illness were excluded from the study and the data from those who smoked was eliminated. After about 13.6 years the people were surveyed again to see if they were still alive.

In general, the survey showed that the greater the number of cups of coffee drunk in one day, the lower the chance of dying. This trend held true up to and including four or five cups of coffee a day. At six cups a day the benefit was still present but had decreased slightly. The maximum decrease in death risk was 16% for women and 12% for men. The results were unaffected by whether the coffee was caffeinated or decaffeinated.

There have been criticisms of the study. First, as in any survey-type study, we can't prove that in every case coffee drinking kept someone alive. People may have lived longer because they had a healthier lifestyle than other people in the study or because they had genes that gave them longevity, for example. Another criticism is that people were asked about their coffee drinking habits only at the start of the survey. People's choice of beverage can change over a thirteen to fourteen year period. The large number of people involved in the survey helps to reduce the possible sources of error, however.

Coffee Consumption and Decrease in Death Risk

Cups of Coffee Drunk Per Day
Decrease in Death Risk in Females
Decrease in Death Risk in Males
one
5%
6%
two to three
13%
10%
four to five
16%
12%
six or more
15%
10%

The SUN Project

The study described at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in 2017 was also based on a survey and subject to the disadvantages of this type of research. It's interesting that like the 2012 study it supports the idea of increased lifespan due to coffee consumption, however. The study was part of the SUN project (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra). The subjects were graduates from a Spanish university.

A 64% lower risk of all-cause mortality when at least four cups of coffee were drunk each day is much higher than the value obtained in the 2012 study. The researchers found that the benefits of drinking coffee were strongest for people who were at least forty-five years old. They say that their study was the first one done with people in a Mediterranean country. It's probably going to take some time to figure out the interactions between coffee drinking, typical diet and exercise habits in an area, environmental factors, and genetics. It certainly seems that coffee is beneficial with respect to lifespan, however.

Coffee fruit, berries, or cherries are green when unripe and red when ripe. Each cherry contains two coffee beans, or seeds.
Coffee fruit, berries, or cherries are green when unripe and red when ripe. Each cherry contains two coffee beans, or seeds. | Source

Possible Reasons for Life Extension

There are two possible explanations for why coffee (apparently) reduces death risk. The beneficial effect could be due to coffee's ability to lower the risk of specific diseases and/or it could be due to helpful substances in the roasted coffee beans. The beans are believed to contain a thousand or more different chemicals, including antioxidants and antibacterial substances. One coffee antioxidant of special interest to researchers in relation to human health is chlorogenic acid, a member of the polyphenol family. Antioxidants fight potentially dangerous free radicals which are made in the body as chemical reactions occur.

Is Coffee Good for You?

Disease Reduction

The discoveries showing that coffee drinking reduces the risk of certain diseases are exciting. Some of the diseases are listed below. It should be noted that the statistics were obtained from surveys rather than clinical trials. While survey results are important, they don't provide definite proof that a substance has a health benefit.

  • Drinking four to five cups of caffeinated coffee every day in midlife has been shown to protect against Alzheimer's disease in old age. Starting to drink coffee at an older age has some protective benefit as well.
  • In mice, researchers have shown that caffeinated coffee reduces the buildup of beta-amyloid in the brain. This substance makes up the characteristic plaque seen in the brains of human Alzheimer's patients. Drinking other caffeinated beverages doesn't have the same benefit.
  • Australian scientists analyzed survey results and found that drinking one cup of coffee per day reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 7%. Drinking three to four cups a day produced a 25% lower risk. Drinking more than three cups of decaffeinated coffee a day produced a 33% lower risk.
  • Drinking two to three cups of caffeinated coffee a day seems to reduce the risk of Parkinson's disease by about 25%, according to an analysis of different research studies.
  • A small study has shown that the caffeine equivalent of three cups of coffee a day improves movement problems in people with Parkinson's disease.

Coffee and Skin Cancer

Cancer Risk and Cardiovascular Problems

Coffee may reduce the risk of some types of cancer. The beverage seems to be both beneficial and detrimental with respect to cardiovascular problems.

  • According to a twelve year study of more than 47,000 men in the United States, the men who drank six or more cups of coffee a day had a 20% lower risk of developing prostate cancer and a 60% lower risk of developing the most dangerous form of prostate cancer. Drinking one to three cups of coffee a day resulted in a 30% lower risk of the most dangerous form of prostate cancer. The results of the study were unaffected by the amount of caffeine in the coffee.
  • Some surveys suggest that drinking coffee significantly reduces the rate of liver disease or liver cancer. A recent study discovered that the rate of hepatocellular cancer decreased as the number of extra cups of caffeinated coffee per day increased (up to five extra cups of the beverage a day). Decaffeinated coffee was also effective, but to a lesser extent.
  • A survey of 113,000 nurses and health professionals found that women who drank more than three cups of caffeinated coffee a day had a 21% lower chance of developing basal cell carcinoma, one form of skin cancer. Men had a 10% risk reduction. Consumption of an equivalent amount of caffeine from other foods or drinks had a similar benefit.
  • Some research suggests that coffee reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes in the long term, but a few studies show that immediately after drinking the beverage the risk of a heart attack or stroke temporarily increases.

Types of Coffee

Different types of coffee may have different effects on health. This is a topic that needs to be investigated in more detail.

A Coffee Poll

How often do you drink coffee?

See results
Morning coffee
Morning coffee | Source

Some Disadvantages of Drinking Coffee

There are disadvantages to drinking coffee. Some—but not all of them—can be avoided.

  • Coffee stains teeth. These stains can be reduced by rinsing the mouth out with water immediately after drinking the beverage, however. A dental hygienist can also remove the stains.
  • Unfiltered coffee contains two chemicals—cafestol and kahweol—which raise the level of LDL cholesterol in our blood. This is the type of cholesterol which can cause the buildup of fatty deposits in the lining of the arteries and increase the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Most coffee is filtered, however, which removes the chemicals. Espresso does contain cafestol and kahweol, but it's drunk in smaller quantities than other types of coffee.
  • In some people caffeine has a diuretic effect, increasing the person's need to urinate.
  • Coffee can relax muscles in the digestive tract and cause defecation and even diarrhea. In addition, it may cause acid reflux.
  • Caffeinated coffee may have a very energizing effect and produce "jitters" in sensitive people. It may also trigger heart palpitations.
  • Coffee has a dual effect on headaches. It has been found to make some pain relievers more effective, which can help a headache. On the other hand, drinking coffee can give some people a headache.

Additions to a cup of coffee can be delicious, but they may not be healthy.
Additions to a cup of coffee can be delicious, but they may not be healthy. | Source

It's important to remember that discussions about coffee's potential health benefits are concerned with the beverage on its own and not with ingredients that may be added to it. These can make a big difference to any beneficial effects of the drink. Drinking several cups of coffee a day that contain added fat and sugar isn't healthy.

The Possible Role of Genetic Differences

If you already drink coffee, it's good to know that it most likely has important health benefits. Should you start drinking coffee if you don't already do so, or should you increase your consumption of the beverage? Scientists are reluctant to recommend this action, especially since there may be major drawbacks for some people.

In recent years, some scientists have suggested that our genetic makeup may affect our body's response to coffee and caffeine. Since we don't know what genes we possess, the best that we can do when deciding whether we should drink coffee is to observe our symptoms. For some people, the drawbacks of drinking the beverage may be too unpleasant. Continuing reports of coffee's health benefits make coffee consumption very tempting if there are no or only minor drawbacks, however.

References

  • Coffee and Disease Prevention from Harvard Health Publications
  • You, D.-C., Kim, Y.-S., Ha, A.-W., Lee, Y.-N., Kim, S.-M., Kim, C.-H., … Lee, J.-M. (2011). Possible Health Effects of Caffeinated Coffee Consumption on Alzheimer’s Disease and Cardiovascular Disease. Toxicological Research, 27(1), 7–10. http://doi.org/10.5487/TR.2011.27.1.007
  • Caffeine and beta-amyloid in mice from the NIH (National Institutes of Health)
  • Type 2 Diabetes from the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation)
  • Parkinson's disease and other health problems from the Harvard Gazette
  • Liver Cancer from the NIH
  • Hepatocellular Cancer from the University of Southampton
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma from Scientific American
  • Harvard School of Public Health. "Coffee may reduce risk of lethal prostate cancer in men." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110517162030.htm (accessed August 15, 2017).
  • European Society of Cardiology. "Higher coffee consumption associated with lower risk of early death." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/08/170827101750.htm (accessed August 29, 2017).

© 2012 Linda Crampton

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    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 18 hours ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Alexa. Thank you for the comment and for sharing the information. The different ways in which coffee affects us are interesting!

    • alexarain379 profile image

      Alexa Rain 25 hours ago from egypt

      very informative Hub, thank you.

      i always drink coffee, and can't sleep with out drink a cup.

      as usual coffee wakes up, but reverse happen to me.

      i don't know why?

      but from your hub i get that Coffee can relax muscles, may be that the reason.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 3 weeks ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the visit and the comment, Margaret.

    • profile image

      Margaret 3 weeks ago

      What a relief to coffee drinkers (like myself) everywhere! Coffee has historically been known to be just another habit, but not all habits are bad! And this just goes to prove that! I'm an active coffee drinker - gulping down at least 3-4 cups every day. Besides increasing my focus so I'm razor sharp, it's apparently helping me to reduce my risk of various diseases that as I get older, could become a more real possiblity. I'm looking at this cup of coffee thinking, I may just need another cup! Thanks for the article, Linda!

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 6 weeks ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Reubenjames.

    • profile image

      Reubenjames 7 weeks ago

      Hi Linda, your article about coffee greatly impressed me. I love coffee too.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the visit, Mary. There are a lot of interesting aspects to coffee!

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 2 months ago from Ontario, Canada

      Hi Linda. This is one article on coffee that made me think and supplied me with useful info. We love to use the French Press so I need to look into this, maybe move to filtered coffee. The data in your poll is also interesting.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank, Andraya. I've become a coffee fan, too!

    • profile image

      Andraya 3 months ago

      Great read! I love love love coffee so it made me feel better about my drinking habit ;)

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 6 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Angel. I can definitely understand why coffee is helpful when you have toddlers to care for!

    • Angel Guzman profile image

      Angel Guzman 6 months ago from Joliet, Illinois

      Coffee has become a valuable asset in my life from 2013 on in helping me have energy for my toddlers, lol.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 7 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Lucy. It's nice to meet you! I hope you enjoy coffee when you try it.

    • Lucy Brian profile image

      Lucy Brian 7 months ago

      Great hub!

      I have never tried coffee but after reading this article , I'll try for sure.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 8 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I hope you have a long and healthy life, too, Glenis! Decaffeinated coffee does seem to have some health benefits, so it should be helpful.

    • Glenis Rix profile image

      GlenR 8 months ago from UK

      Interesting. I wonder if it is the caffeine that provides the beneficial effects - I drink only decaf nowadays. Keeping fingers crossed for a long and healthy life

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment and the pin, Essie! I appreciate your visit.

    • EsJam profile image

      Essie 2 years ago from Southern California

      This is certainly good news! Thank you for a lot of great information! I pinned it!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      That sounds like a great idea, travel_man1971. Thanks for the comment.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 2 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      I love drinking coffee, especially when I am engrossed at work. These days, I am mixing it with fresh herbs.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment, vote and share, Nadine. It's great that coffee has some health benefits!

    • Nadine May profile image

      Nadine May 2 years ago from Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

      That was the best news I've read in a long while! I love my coffee and drink between 2 to three cups a day without sugar but with frothed milk. Voted up and shared!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the comment, Wendi. Coffee is an interesting beverage. It has both benefits and disadvantages!

    • lyoness913 profile image

      Summer LeBlanc 2 years ago from H-Town

      You know, coffee makes my heart race and does all kinds of other bad 'stuff' to my body, however I do so love a good coffee with cream or milk! I wish I could drink it more often. Interesting hub, I didn't realize all of the health benefits!

      -Wendi

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Anytime my friend.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Kristen. I appreciate your visit and vote!

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great hub, Alicia, on the many health benefits of drinking coffee. This is so good to know. Voted up!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, peachpurple. Yes, there are some disadvantages to drinking coffee regularly as well as advantages.

    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 2 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      there are pros and cons of drinking coffee lifelong maybe, but being a night owl is one of the disadvantages,

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Coffee brewed at home is great! Thanks for the comment.

    • DWDavisRSL profile image

      DW Davis 2 years ago from Eastern NC

      I love my coffee, whether home brewed in my Keurig or made for me at my local coffee shop, I generally enjoy at least two cups a day. I'm glad to learn that doing so is working in my favor health wise.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi again, ladyguitarpicker. Thank you for the second comment. The factors that control human health are very complex. I wish we understood them better.

    • ladyguitarpicker profile image

      stella vadakin 2 years ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

      Thanks, I suppose we are the exception, but I like my coffee anyway.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I am so sorry about the health problems that you and your husband are experiencing, ladyguitarpicker. Best wishes for the future. Thank you for commenting.

    • ladyguitarpicker profile image

      stella vadakin 2 years ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

      Hi, Very interesting but too late for me and my husband we both drink about 3 cups a day. I have had coffee since I was 5 years old every day. I have parkinson disease, and my husband has type 2 diabetes. Nice Hub.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, agusfanani. It's good that coffee has some health benefits, since you like drinking it!

    • agusfanani profile image

      agusfanani 2 years ago from Indonesia

      It's good news for me since I love drinking coffee although I have to make sure not drink it excessively .

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the comment, Joyfulcrown. I hope you enjoy your cup of coffee!

    • Joyfulcrown profile image

      Joyfulcrown 2 years ago

      I drink a cup of coffee about 2 to 3 times a week. I am glad I read this hub. I think I'll have a cup of coffee now.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks, monia. I like coffee, too, although I only drink it in a dilute form.

    • monia saad profile image

      monia ben saad 2 years ago from In my Dream

      i love cofee so much and it makes me problem heart and try to solve the problem thank you for this great article

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment, Melinda!

    • Melinda Longoria profile image

      Melinda Longoria, MSM 3 years ago from Garland, Texas

      Drink more coffee & live longer! :-) This is the best news to my ears. Thank you for sharing this information.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I think that drinking both coffee and tea is a great idea! I do the same thing. Thank you very much for the comment.

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 3 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      It is a very beautiful and interesting hub. Full of facts and figures. I love coffee and take two cups daily and two cups tea. Coffee looks more tasty and delicious than tea.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I drink coffee every day, so I'm happy, too! Thanks for the visit, Marlene.

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 3 years ago from Northern California, USA

      I'm a coffee drinker. So, when I read about studies that show coffee is not as bad as formerly claimed, I'm happy.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      You certainly are a coffee lover, Rachael! I enjoy drinking coffee, but I don't feel quite as strongly about it as you do! Thank you very much for the comment.

    • RachaelOhalloran profile image

      Rachael O'Halloran 3 years ago from United States

      Give me coffee or give me death. Yes, that's how I feel about it. I loved this article - with my after dinner cup of coffee!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks, Arachnea. It is interesting that researchers are finding so many health benefits in coffee!

    • Arachnea profile image

      Tanya Jones 3 years ago from Texas USA

      It's interested me over the last year or so to read articles about the benefits of coffee. The double benefit is I'm an avid coffee drinker to start. Love your hub.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, VioletteRose. I like tea and coffee, too! They are both enjoyable beverages, and each has health benefits. Thanks for the comment.

    • VioletteRose profile image

      VioletteRose 3 years ago from Chicago

      Good to know about the benefits of coffee! Even though I prefer tea over coffee, now a days I have at least one cup of coffee every day.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      What a shock to find out that it was so early, Peg! On the other hand, it's great that your dog is still around and behaving normally, even if his/ her body can't follow the usual schedule any longer. Thanks for the second comment.

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 3 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      Up early today and wishing for my cup of coffee. My older dog (14) started barking to go out at 4:30 am and I thought it was 5:30 so I stayed up. This was great to read again while I wait for the coffee pot to finish dripping.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      You've raised some good points, Tolovaj! Having a drink of coffee or tea can often be a relaxing and pleasant activity in an otherwise busy day. Thanks for the interesting comment.

    • Tolovaj profile image

      Tolovaj 3 years ago

      I'm fascinated wit all this info. Although I will not start drinking coffee, I can agree with you, but I suspect apart from the chemicals in coffee there must be something related with a life style of coffee drinkers. Having a cup of coffee means having some quality time (alone or in company), knowing how to relax for at least few minutes, lower your stress ...

      I think drinking a glass of wine of tea can be beneficial for same reasons. Cheers!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the vote, Suhail! I appreciate your visit. Tea is a very healthy beverage, so it's great that you drink it. (I like French Vanilla coffee, too!)

    • Suhail and my dog profile image

      Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent 3 years ago from Mississauga, ON

      Never knew the health benefits of drinking coffee! I hardly drink coffee, save Tim Hortons' French Vanilla (not sure if it qualifies as one lol).

      Hi Linda,

      This is a very informative article. Thumbs up!

      I tried coffee for one full year (2012 to 2013) and then gave up completely again. I have always been a tea-totaller and had planned to remain the same, but now your article has shed new light and I have to rethink the strategy.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment, joedolphin88. Drinking water is great for health!

    • joedolphin88 profile image

      Joe 3 years ago from north miami FL

      Great information my mom drinks a lot of coffee she couldn't be without it. Me on the other hand I really only drink water but for future reference I love the info.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, Christina. I appreciate the vote, too!

    • thougtforce profile image

      Christina Lornemark 3 years ago from Sweden

      Good to know that coffee has some health benefits also since I drink several cups of coffee every day. A morning without coffee would be a disaster:) Thanks for all the good information and now I can enjoy my coffee even more. Voted up!

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks, Rosie writes. I appreciate the visit and the vote!

    • Rosie writes profile image

      Rosie writes 3 years ago from Virginia

      I love my coffee - could probably do without the sugar though. Interesting information. Voted up!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, LWhip. Yes, I think coffee would be a big help with four children in the family! Thank you very much for the comment. It's nice to meet you!

    • LWhip profile image

      LWhip 3 years ago

      I really enjoyed your hub AliciaC. I'm glad to hear that there is now at least one thing I'm doing right (regardless of the concerns regarding the methodology - I'm ignoring that part).

      I have 4 kids.

      I have coffee.

    • Nellieanna profile image

      Nellieanna Hay 3 years ago from TEXAS

      (big smile!)

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Nellieanna. I enjoy some herbal teas too, such as rooibos tea. I like ginger and mint herbal teas as well. There are so many lovely beverages available today!

    • Nellieanna profile image

      Nellieanna Hay 3 years ago from TEXAS

      I love tea, as well, Alicia. It gives its own special pleasure and sense of satisfaction; but it's not quite the immediate 'lift' of coffee. I wouldn't want to have to choose to limit it to only one or the other. I also love some herbal teas, especially ginger.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I'm becoming a coffee lover, too, after having drunk only tea for most of my life. In fact, I'm drinking coffee so often now that I have to remind myself to drink tea instead of coffee sometimes, since I want to experience tea's health benefits as well! Thank you for the interesting comment, Nellieanna.

    • Nellieanna profile image

      Nellieanna Hay 3 years ago from TEXAS

      Great news for me! I've heard a bit about studies showing health value of coffee but nothing specific. I've loved coffee all my life. When I was a kid, my parents wouldn't let me drink it, but put a dash of it in my milk, which I didn't like so much. I've never been a smoker and didn't drink any alcohol till in my 40s and am moderate with it, but I truly love my coffee. There was one period when I was almost never without a cup from the time I awoke till I went to bed, but I began to be jittery, as you mention can happen, so I regulated my intake after that. What is nice about doing that it that having a cup is such a treat when one does have it! :-) I've no blood pressure problems, so maybe it just helps keep it normal rather than too low.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, SamitaJassi.

    • SamitaJassi profile image

      Samita Sharma 4 years ago from Chandigarh

      Good information and thoroughly discussed. Thanks for this useful summary of Coffee Drinking and Life Expectancy.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I add cocoa to my coffee sometimes too, Rosie. It's a delicious combination! Thank you for the visit and the comment.

    • Rosie writes profile image

      Rosie writes 4 years ago from Virginia

      I am an avid coffee-drinker. I have been every since long nights studying for exams in college, back when I used to add cocoa to it to make it taste better. Now I just add a little cream and sugar and have to have it first thing in the morning.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Peg. Unlike you, I didn't start drinking coffee until only a few years ago. I got into the habit of drinking tea because that's what my family did, but now that I've tried coffee I love it (as long as it's milky). Virtual coffee sounds like a great idea! Thanks for the interesting comment and for introducing me to a new writer.

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 4 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      Finally I can admit that I have been drinking coffee since the age of 4 when it was mostly due to the cream and sugar content. I only have one very large mug of coffee in the morning and that's it for the day. Coffee has become a part of the wake-up ritual - "Wake up and smell the coffee" where the hubster and I sit and slurp our first cup while we plan out our day. I will also share that my 93 yo Auntie has been drinking coffee for nearly all her life and is still living independently (although homebound) and is quite humorous and spry for her advanced years. She recently had an Echo Cardiogram and EKG and had a good report from the cardiologist. As you've pointed out, moderation is key and may help by reducing appetite, which in turn, provides many rewards.

      Sharing this with my virtual coffee drinking friends here on HubPages at the Emerald Wells Cafe where we have unlimited cups of coffee daily. Hope you'll drop by to Mckbirdbks' latest episode and join us.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, kitkat1141. It is very nice to know that when we're drinking coffee we're getting some health benefits!

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      kitkat1141 4 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Thrilled to find out my daily coffee habit isn't killing me!! Thank you for pulling all of these studies together in one very well written hub.

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, the vote and the share, Seeker7! I'm sorry that your father has Parkinson's Disease. Coffee is an interesting substance. I suspect that the response to it may sometimes be different in different individuals, as you suggest. It's wonderful when coffee is helpful!

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      Helen Murphy Howell 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland

      Hi Alicia,

      well I have to say your excellent hub has just made my day as I adore coffee! But also the information was very interesting indeed! Although some of these surveys were criticised as you mention, it was a huge amount of people involved and there has to be some truth in their findings. I find the relationship to type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's Disease particularly interesting, since diabetes does run in some areas of my family and my Dad has Parkinson's Disease.

      I also find the survey results interesting for my own personal reasons as well. I can have restless leg syndrome on occasion and so your told avoid coffee etc. But to be honest, with me coffee has either never caused me to have RLS and but I suspect at times it has actually helped. I haven't heard of anyone else having this happen to them, so maybe it's just my personal chemical make-up? Anyway I will continue to fly the flag for coffee and after reading your excellent hub I will be flying it even higher!!

      Voted up + shared!!!

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Coffee sounds like a good topic choice for a blog, MarieAlana1! I'll look at your blog soon. Thanks for the visit and the comment.

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      Marie Alana 4 years ago from Ohio

      Great hub! It was very thorough. Thanks for all of the great information! I have been working on a coffee blog for about 2 years now. Unfortunately, I haven't put anything in for about 25 days now, but still it is worth looking at. It has some more great information about this same topic. Here is the URL for it.... www.citmorning.blogspot.com.

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the visit and the comment, csgibson. Colombian coffee is very nice!

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      Craig Gibson 4 years ago from Traverse City Michigan

      I enjoyed your article and I found it to be quite informative. I live in Colombia and I drink 2 cups of the worlds best coffee every day. Thanks for the information.

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, paneevino! Coffee is an interesting beverage. It does have some drawbacks, but it has some great benefits too!

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      Lillian Brooke 4 years ago

      Hi Linda, i am feeling so much happy and you made my happy heart because coffee is my favorite beverage. I would like to appreciate your great work and thanks for sharing so much information regarding coffee. When i read benefits of drinking coffee oh my god! I feel too much happy because my boy friend always said that " Don't drink coffee, it is so harmful for your health". Now i would like to share this hub with my friends and specially to my boy friend.

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Careermommy. The role of coffee in the diet and the amount that should be drunk are interesting topics and are certainly worth thinking about! Thanks for the visit and the comment.

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      Tirralan Watkins 4 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

      Well, this is exciting information, Alicia, especially as I'm sipping my coffee while reading this hub. I was thinking of ways to eliminate coffee from my diet, but I will delve deeper and maybe reconsider. Thank you sharing this.

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, KenWu. Thanks for the visit. Like you, I never drink coffee at night. Coffee stops me from getting a good night's sleep, too!

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you so much for the shares, Kathryn! I appreciate them. I agree with you - coffee certainly isn't perfect, but its health benefits are very interesting.

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      KenWu 4 years ago from Malaysia

      I love coffee but has stopped it since two or three years ago. Just want to be healthier but it now seems that it has to get started again. One thing to note that don't drink coffee at night as it really makes you stay awake the whole night.

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      Kathryn 4 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

      I love coffee, so I enjoy articles like this! Coffee may not be perfect, but it is nice when it has some good benefits. Thank you for sharing this with us. I am sharing this with others, including on Google Plus. I know many members of my family would enjoy this!

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, That Grrl. Yes, for some people that is a lot of coffee! Like you, I hope very much that my brain stays active as I age. I love researching and learning new things too. Thanks for the visit!

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      Laura Brown 4 years ago from Barrie, Ontario, Canada

      Four or five cups a day is a lot. I know I don't drink that much coffee. I don't drink that much of anything. But, nice to know it could prevent dementia or Alzheimers. I would hate to be one of those old people who has no clue. I love reading, researching and learning new stuff. To be otherwise would be like already being dead. I already want to live forever just so I can keep discovering everything. It bugs me that I will never have enough time. Probably why I drink coffee in the evening and then don't sleep.

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      Linda Crampton 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, epigramman. Thanks for the visit and for sharing your doctor's interesting comment about coffee. I hope you have a wonderful, very happy and healthy 2013.

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      epigramman 4 years ago

      Very interesting and thought provoking hub presentation here and I am a big believer in moderation so I have cut down on my coffee intake in the morning and that's it until I go into night shift work and then I have one during my work time. I have high blood pressure which seems to be okay now but the doctor warned me about coffee.

      I am sending you , my fellow Canadian, sincere warm wishes for your own health, happiness and prosperity in the new year.

      lake erie time ontario canada 11:07am

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      Linda Crampton 5 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the visit and the comment, jaydene. It's nice to meet you. It is great that more and more coffee health benefits are being discovered!

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      jaydene 5 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      This is very informative, the studies and research have changed over the years but the more they learn about a great cup of coffee, the less guilt I have about enjoying it :) thanks for you work on this.