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Nutritional and Health Benefits of Mace or Javitri

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

About Mace

Mace is called javitri in Hindi. It is a spice which is obtained from the Myristica fragrans tree whose seed is the nutmeg. Mace is the net-like extra seed covering that covers the nutmeg's seed coat.

Though there are other species of Myristica, the nutmeg tree, like M.argentia, M.malabarica and M.fatua which are cultivated for their nutmeg fruit, these are inferior to those obtained from the M.fragrans tree in terms of both flavour and aroma.

Mace has a higher concentration of the same essential oils that are present in nutmeg and therefore has a more intense flavour. It is, therefore, much more expensive than nutmeg. The fully ripe fruit splits open on its own, revealing the mace-covered nutmeg seed.

The spice mace, a crimson red colored thread like material that envelops the nutmeg, is removed carefully and then usually dried under the sun for a few days, before it is sold, either as whole blades or ground to a fine powder before selling. Compared to the nutmeg, mace should be added at the beginning of cooking to allow its full flavor to develop,

Mace is spicy in taste, somewhat like a combination of pepper and cinnamon, with a strong aroma. To prepare it at home, first clean the mace, and then roast the whole mace till crisp. Cool and then grind it.

Mace and nutmeg are native to the Banda islands of Indonesia.

Nutritional Information

Mace contains exceptionally high amounts of the minerals copper and iron providing 274% & 174% of the daily requirements of these minerals per 100 grams.

With several vitamins like vitamins A, C, B1, B2 and minerals like calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese and zinc also present in good amounts, Javitri along with its several essential volatile oils like safrole, myristicin, elemicin and eugenol and the fixed oil trimyristine is a very healthy spice.

See the detailed table below for its entire nutrient content and concentration.

Nutrients Levels in Mace

 Mace spice (Myristica fragrans), Ground, 

 

Nutritional value per 100 g.

 

 

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

 

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy

475 Kcal

24%

Carbohydrates

50.50 g [≈ Mass equivalent of the energy that is called 1 megaton of TNT equivalent]

39%

Protein

6.71 g

12%

Total Fat

32.38 g

162%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

20.2 g

54%

Vitamins

 

 

Folates

76 mcg

19%

Niacin

1.350 mg

8%

Pyridoxine

0.160 mg

12%

Riboflavin

0.448 mg

34%

Thiamin

0.312 mg

26%

Vitamin-A

800 IU

27%

Vitamin C

21 mg

35%

Electrolytes

 

 

Sodium

80 mg

5%

Potassium

463 mg

10%

Minerals

 

 

Calcium

252 mg

25%

Copper

2.467 mg

274%

Iron

13.90 mg

174%

Magnesium

163 mg

41%

Manganese

1.500 mg

65%

Phosphorus

110 mg

30%

Zinc

2.15 mg

20%

Parts of the Nutmeg Fruit and Seed

The opened nutmeg fruit, with the mace enclosing the seed.

The opened nutmeg fruit, with the mace enclosing the seed.

Medicinal Properties of Mace

According to Ayurveda, mace has the following medicinal properties:

  • pungent, bitter & astringent in taste
  • hot in constitution
  • mucolytic, therefore removes mucus
  • balances Vata & Kapha doshas
  • mildly anthelmintic
  • ruchikrut, meaning it improves taste & appetite
  • varnakrut, meaning it improves skin tone & complexion
  • hrudya, meaning it is a tonic for the heart

Mace also has anti bacterial, antiviral, anti cancer, anti inflammatory, anti-diabetes, and hepatoprotective activities

Health Benefits

  • Traditional Indian & Chinese medicine have used mace to treat nervous system issues as it calms the brain and also stimulates it. The compounds myristicin and elemicin provide these benefits.
  • The eugenol in mace relieves toothache.
  • Massage with medicated oil of Javitri is beneficial when the limbs or the body gets cold sensations.
  • Improves libido and prevents premature ejaculation.
  • Applied on the forehead as a paste it relieves insomnia.
  • Apply a paste made with milk to alleviate pimples and give the face a glow.
  • Relieves dysmenorrheal pain in women.
  • Benefits in colds, cough and asthma. Useful in dry cough as well.
  • Improves skin tone & complexion.
  • Relieves tiredness and fatigue.
  • Reduces nausea and vomiting.
  • Relieves loose motions, gas, flatulence and digestive tract infections.
  • Applied externally as mace oil it relieves rheumatic pains and eczema.

References

Uses

Mace is used in mashed potato and rice dishes. It is also used in tea and masala milk, in preparation of sweet dishes like custard puddings, cakes, cookies and food items like bread, sauce, ketchup, curries and pickles.

It is much used in meat and bean stews, broths and soups.

Javitri imparts a light saffron color to the dishes it is added to and is also one of the ingredients of the Indian spice mix, the garam masala powder.

Mace is also much used in aphrodisiac preparations.

Most American hot dogs contain ground mace.

How to Remove Mace from Nutmeg Easily

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2016 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 20, 2019:

Thank you Maria.

Maria on April 19, 2019:

That was a rich source of information on mace (javithri) . Thank you

Manohar Bhatia on February 24, 2018:

Thanks, I found the information about mace herb/spice useful.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2016:

Thank you Flourish.

FlourishAnyway from USA on May 03, 2016:

Ive learned a lot from this -- mace in hotdogs and that it comes from a fruit (I sure had no idea). Very educational.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 11, 2016:

We do learn a lot of things from our elders, don't we, Surabhi? Thanks for visiting my hub and hope you have a great day too!

Surabhi Kaura on February 09, 2016:

Nani ji used to talk about this. Aaj dekh bhi liya :) Thanks, Rajan ji. Have a pleasant day!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 08, 2016:

Thanks for stopping by Devika.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on February 08, 2016:

A unique spice and I have not heard of it. Sounds a useful spice.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 06, 2016:

MsDora, I'm glad this hub provided you with some new information. I know it always feels good on learning something new. Thanks for stopping by and commenting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 06, 2016:

@manatita, as children most of us here have climbed mango and other trees though today like you it would be an uphill task for ma too. Change is life and we cannot hope to remain as agile as the day before.

I'm glad my hub stirred up good memories for you. Thank you for visiting my hub.

@Chitrangada, Indians have been using these and many other spices on almost a daily, rather a meal to meal, basis and this most possibly is the reason we live healthier for long.

Thanks for appreciating the hub and I welcome your visit here.

@Bill, to go natural on foods is my motto now and hence this series on healthy foods. I much appreciate your kind comments and visit.

Thank you, my friend.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on February 06, 2016:

Never knew of the connection between nutmeg and mace; never heard of net like aril, let alone see a picture. Very informative! Thanks for the list of nutrients.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on February 06, 2016:

There you go again, educating me and trying to make me healthier. lol Thank you, my friend. Your articles are, indeed, helpful.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on February 06, 2016:

Very interesting and informative hub!

I use Javitri and Nutmeg regularly in my kitchen. Besides its pleasant aroma they have amazing health benefits. Well presented hub and Very informative videos too.

Excellent hub as always on Indian spices. Thanks for sharing!

manatita44 from london on February 06, 2016:

Super excellent! Right from the beginning, it took me straight back home. My mother passed three years ago, and I visited the village where I was born. I was dying so much to visit the 'lands?' Alas! Not enough time. How I miss the nutmeg, the mango, the banana and coconut trees!

I like both your videos. In fact, the first was like a lesson for me. How quickly we forget! If I can share a little with you, I use to literally run up the nutmeg and mango trees. Not so long ago, I attempted to climb a mango tree outside my hotel in Seracunda, Gambia, and I really struggled. I was so scared!

So you call the mace Javitri? Interesting. Well done, short, succinct and charming.

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