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Health and Nutritional Benefits of Jackfruit

Jackfruit

Latin Name : Artocarpus heterophyllus.

In India, Jackfruit is called Kathal.

Other names : Jack tree, Jak fruit. Jack, Jak.

Source

Jackfruit Nutrition Facts

  • Jackfruit provides 90 calories/100 grams of edible fruit.
  • It is rich in dietary fiber and provides 4% of the daily value per 100 grams.
  • It provides about 23% of the DV of vitamin C per 100 grams and it also contains some amounts of vitamins A and E.
  • Jackfruit is rich in pyridoxine of which it provides 25% DV per 100 grams and also contains low to moderate amounts of other B complex vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, thiamine and folic acid.
  • It is almost free of sodium but contains good levels of potassium.
  • Several minerals like calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, zinc, manganese and selenium are present in moderate amounts.
  • Also present are some amounts of the flavonoids like beta carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin and beta cryptoxanthin.

Nutrients in Jackfruit

 
Jack fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
 
 
Nutritive Value per 100 grams
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
95 Kcal
5%
Carbohydrates
23.5 g
18%
Protein
1.72 g
3%
Total Fat
0.64 g
3%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
1.5 g
4%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
24 gms
6%
Niacin
0.920 mg
6%
Pyridoxine
0.329 mg
25%
Riboflavin
0.055 mg
4%
Thiamin
0.105 mg
9%
Vitamin A
110 IU
3.50%
Vitamin C
13.7 mg
23%
Vitamin E
0.34 mg
2%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
3 mg
0%
Potassium
303 mg
6.50%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
34 mg
3.40%
Iron
0.60 mg
7.50%
Magnesium
37 mg
9%
Manganese
0.197 mg
8.50%
Phosphorus
36 mg
5%
Phosphorus
21 mg
3%
Selenium
0.6 mg
1%
Zinc
0.42 mg
4%
Phyto-nutrients
 
 
Beta Carotene
61 mcg
--
Beta Crypto-xanthin
5 mcg
--
Lutein-zeaxanthin
157 mcg
--

Health Benefits

  • The dietary fiber in jackfruit prevents digestive disorders like constipation, diarrhea, ulcers etc and also protects from colon cancer.
  • Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that not only protects against free radical damage which leads to cancer and heart disease but also boosts the immunity levels.
  • Along with vitamins C, A and E, the phytonutrients like lignans, isoflavones and sponins also protect the body against cancer by counter attacking the free radicals that cause oxidation of the cells and tissues.
  • The flesh is soft and easily digestible with simple sugars like fructose and sucrose which do not take much time to digest and provide instant energy.
  • The potassium helps in regulating blood pressure as well as reducing risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • The magnesium, calcium and phosphorus content of jackfruit help to make the bones strong and reduce risk to osteoporosis.
  • The iron and folic acid content prevents anemia and also neural tube defect in the growing fetus.
  • Jackfruit helps in keeping the thyroid healthy as has a good amount copper that not only aids in hormone production but also thyroid metabolism.
  • Thyroid is good for the skin, helps to keep it supple because of its anti ageing properties.
  • Jackfruit helps in reducing risk of vision problems like macular degeneration, in the aged.
  • Jackfruit has anti inflammatory properties.

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackfruit
http://www.healthonlinezine.info/health-benefits-of-jackfruit.html
http://www.hindu.com/2011/06/06/stories/2011060659850200.htm
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/jackfruit_ars.html#Season
http://www.cropsforthefuture.org/publication/Manuals/Jackfruit%20extension%20manual.pdf

Some Ayurvedic Uses of Jackfruit

Jackfruit leaves are burned with corn or coconut shells and the ash so obtained heals ulcers when mixed with coconut oil.

Tea of the dried and powdered leaves can relieve asthma.

Jackfruit seeds and pulp are considered a tonic by the Chinese. They are cooling and aid in alleviating the effects of alcohol consumption.

The latex mixed with vinegar heals abcesses, snake bite and glandular swelling.

The jackfruit root extract treats asthma, skin disease, fever and diarrhea.

The bark can be made into a poultice.

The wood has sedative properties.

The roasted seeds are believed to be aphrodisiac.

Starch removed from the seeds relieves biliousness.

Infusion of mature leaves and bark prevents ringworm, heals cracked feet and asthma.

jackfruit tree
jackfruit tree | Source

About the Plant

The jackfruit tree belongs to the family Moraceae and is native to South and Southeast Asia and originated in India about 3000 to 6000 years back. It grows in tropical regions and its fruit is the largest tree borne fruit. The tree grows to about 100 feet in height, bears 100 to 250 fruits of weight 3 to 30 kgs in weight.

The unripe fruit is green and turns a lighter green to pale yellow-brown in color as it ripens with increasing sweet smell. The skin is thick and prickly.

The flesh is very fibrous having several yellow colored bulbs inside. Each bulb encloses a single edible seed. The seeds can be roasted before consumption or can be used as a replacement to legumes in curries.

cut jackfruit
cut jackfruit | Source

The flesh and seed pods of the unripe jackfruit can be made into a variety of dishes for eating. Jams, icecream, custard, chips, cakes and many more items can be made with jackfruit.

Raw jackfruit seeds are indigestible due to the presence of a trypsin inhibitor which can be inactivated by baking or boiling.

Jackfruit is one of the three auspicious fruits of Tamil Nadu state of India, the other two being mango and banana.Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh.

jackfruit seed bulbs
jackfruit seed bulbs | Source

Other Uses

The leaves are fed to cattle, goats, sheep, pigs as fodder.

In India, the leaves are used to wrap food that is to be cooked and also to make donas (plates used to eat food).

The heated latex can fix china ware and earthern ware.

The wood is fairly resistant to fungal and bacterial attack, seasons well ans easily, and is in fact superior to teak for making furniture. It is also used to make many musical instruments, oars, masts, implements and in construction. The wood is 75-80% as strong as teak.

The roots of the aged trees are used to make carvings and picture frames.

A yellow dye is made from the heartwood. Buddhist monks use this to dye their silk and cotton clothes.

The bark is sometimes used to make cords, ropes and strings.

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

Punjabi Kathal Ki Sabzi (Jackfruit Vegetable) Recipe

Punjabi Kathal Ka Achar (Jackfruit Pickle)

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly

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Comments 33 comments

wetnosedogs profile image

wetnosedogs 3 years ago from Alabama

This is fascinating. Learn something new. I never heard of Jackfruit.


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 3 years ago from United States

Interesting facts. I used to have this fruit in India...not found here so missing out on the advantages.

Voted up as interesting


billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

I am absolutely positive that I have never seen these or tasted them. As always, thank you for the education my friend. Nicely done!


iriegirl profile image

iriegirl 3 years ago from Jamaica

I love jackfruit. Where I am from in Jamaica, we eat a lot of jackfruit. In Florida we get jackfruits sometimes, but I just love it.


Kathryn Stratford profile image

Kathryn Stratford 3 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

That is interesting. I have never heard of Jackfruit! I am always curious about fruit that is not around here. It seems so exotic.

Also, what do you mean when you use the word "auspicious" relating to this fruit (and banana and mango)?


MarleneB profile image

MarleneB 3 years ago from Northern California, USA

Jackfruit is such an unusual fruit. I just heard about it recently and was wondering whether it was a sweet fruit or tart fruit. From your information, it looks like it is a sweet fruit. I have never seen it in the store, but I sure would like to try one.


donnah75 profile image

donnah75 3 years ago from Upstate New York

Rajan, this is something I have never tried. I doubt I could even buy it fresh where I live. What does it taste like? Is it similar in taste to anything? Interesting.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Fantastic! Information here is to the point and k to know more about another fruit is just another learning experience for me from you thanks for this Hub


carol7777 profile image

carol7777 3 years ago from Arizona

it is always fun waiting to see what you will feature next in the line of healthy food. I have never had this particular fruit..Looks interesting..Thanks as always for doing all the research..Voting up and sharing.


ARUN KANTI profile image

ARUN KANTI 3 years ago from KOLKATA

Sturdily built my uncle used to eat a whole jackfruit and end up consuming a seed for digestion.Another good hub.


moonlake profile image

moonlake 3 years ago from America

I have never heard of this fruit. Interesting facts about the jackfruit. Voted up and more.


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

What a cool looking fruit! It's a shame we don't have access to some of these fruits in the U.S.


Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

Gypsy Rose Lee 3 years ago from Riga, Latvia

Interesting and informative hub. Never heard of Jackfruit. Sounds like I should consider trying it with all its benefits. Passing this on.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ wetnosedogs - thanks for stopping by.

@ Ruchira - I'm sure one does miss this healthy vegetable. As you know it is available here in plenty. Thanks for visiting.

@ Bill - it's my pleasure to present these healthy foods. Thanks for the appreciation.

@ Iriegirl - Glad you live in a tropical area where jackfruit is available. Thanks for stopping by.


Kathryn Stratford profile image

Kathryn Stratford 3 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

I thought I already commented, but maybe I got distracted.

I have never heard of Jackfruit. Is it the same as breadfruit?

This is very informative, and it makes me curious about the fruit.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ Kathryn - I'm happy to note that these unknown or lesser known vegetables are being appreciated. By auspicious I meant that htis fruit is considered auspicious enough to be used in traditional festivals, in feasts etc. Thanks for visiting.

Kathryn as I was replying I got your second comment. No breadfruit is different. Thanks for the interest.

@ Marlene - the fruit is neither sweet nor tart when raw but ready to cook. Only the ripe fruit fruit gets sweet. It might be available in tropical ares over there.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

I've heard of Jack fruit from my Jamaican friends, however, I have never tried it, I think it's time I did.

Another very informative hub.


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

Interesting and useful as always .Here's to so many more to share on here and this gem I have to vote up up and away!!!!

Have a great day.

Eddy.


smnj profile image

smnj 3 years ago from India

Excellent fruit. Available plenty in India.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks smnj.


harhaur0909@gmail.com 3 years ago

Excellent fruit, Learn a lot from this.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Harhaur, thanks for reading.


Paul Kuehn profile image

Paul Kuehn 3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

rajan,

This is another very interesting and useful hub. I never realized there were so many health benefits to eating jackfruit. I never was aware of this fruit until I got to Thailand. My mother-in-law has a few jackfruit trees in her backyard. It's amazing how big the fruit can get. I have eaten jackfruit before but don't like it as well as durian. Durian is a lot sweeter. It's hard for me to describe the taste of jackfruit because it isn't really sweet, sour, or bitter. Like durian, extracts from this fruit are made into dried chips which taste better. Voted up and sharing with followers and on Facebook. Also Pinning and Tweeting.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Paul, I like jackfruit and we pickle it too. I'd no idea about jackfruit chips.

Thanks for all the votes and sharing.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

Hi Rajan,

I have seen Jackfruits available for sale in an Asian market here in Houston. They are HUGE! I have never purchased one because I had no idea as to the taste or flavor and the fact of how large they are. If I can ever find a smaller one I will now be tempted to purchase one after reading this. Up votes and sharing and pinning.


CZCZCZ profile image

CZCZCZ 3 years ago from Oregon

I love fresh jack fruit. Something that I enjoy to eat when in the Philippines. Enjoyed reading through your hub about this delicious fruit.


dghbrh profile image

dghbrh 3 years ago from ...... a place beyond now and beyond here !!!

An all time fav....but never kew so much uses. Voted up interesting. Shared as well.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia

I love jackfruit. My mother usually uses it for the ingredients of "es campur". Juicy and sweet. Thanks for introduce the jackfruit to the world. Voted up :-)

Prasetio


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@Peggy-these fruits are huge and on their own have a very bland taste. Of course one can't eat them raw because of the latex that oozes out of them. But when well cooked they sometimes taste like meat, at least it it does, when we cook it our way. Thanks for the sharing.

@CZCZCZ-thanks and I appreciate your read.

@Deergha-thanks for reading, commenting and sharing.

@prasetio-yes it does have a unique texture and taste. Thanks for the visit and votes.


rumanasaiyed profile image

rumanasaiyed 3 years ago from Sharjah, UAE

I just love jack fruit. We call it "Champakali" in Gujarat. Thanks for mentioning so many benefits of it.

Voted up Interesting and Shared!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks for reading and sharing this info. Appreciate the votes and sharing.


Seethalakshmi 16 months ago

Jackfruit is a divine fruit in India-especially in Kerala. During drought conditions, people lived on jackfruits. When the portughese visited Kerala, the fruit known as "Chackka"in local language has amazed them. As they propagated this in west, it became Jack.... But the fruit is really a jack of all recipes...

You can make lot of side dishes when it is raw, make crispy chips, and when ripe you can make jams(which is given as family gift to their daughters)and stored for year long. This jam acts as instant food ,and used for making desserts, adding coocnut milk/or puffed rice/coconut like dimsim, modak, kheer etc. The fruit rind is loved by cows and recommended for high yield of milk. The seeds are roasted and sprinkled with rock salt for a crumpy snack. I prepare raita with boiled and mashed seeds,coconut and green chillies.

Sometimes I get this big giant fruit at a throwaway price, I but, deseed and turn them into dark pulpy jam -I send this to my mother and relatives who have elderly family members as a gift of Love.

We offer the fruit/(raw/ripe) in our prayers to departed souls,gods..

When you visit , please try this fruit. It is available in TN,Karnataka,Kerala ,from Feb onwards till August.

With the fond memories of my favourite fruit.

Sita


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 16 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Seethalakshmi, thanks for this interesting information on jackfruit. I had no idea jam is made of it and so many other things. We make jackfruit pickle too here.

Thanks for reading and I'm glad to have reminded you about your happy memories of this fruit.

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    rajan jolly profile image

    Rajan Singh Jolly (rajan jolly)1,139 Followers
    310 Articles

    Rajan is a major in Botany and Chemistry. Has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years of his career breeding layer & broiler parents.



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