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Nutritional Benefits of Loquat Tropical Fruit

Loquat Fruit

Source

Loquat Fruit

The Loquat fruit is yellow to orange to reddish tinged orange and grows in clusters with shape ranging from round to oval to pear shaped. It is mildly sweet and tart in taste. The thin fuzzy skin can be peeled off in a ripe fruit, The seeds are comparatively large for the fruit size.

Loquat fruit is eaten fresh. Pies and tarts are made from slightly immature fruits. Jam, jelly, chutney and sauce are also prepared from it. A light wine is produced from it and in Japan, an alcoholic beverage called "sake" is made from its seeds.

If kept in the refrigerator loquat stays good for up to 2 weeks.

Loquat Fruit Nutrition

  • Loquat fruit is low in sodium, fat and is cholesterol free.
  • It is very rich in Vitamin A and provides about 51% of the daily value per 100 grams.
  • The fruit contains a good amount of dietary fiber as well as the minerals potassium, iron, manganese, copper and phosphorus.
  • It is low in calories and provides only 47 calories per 100 grams.
  • Loquat is rich in polyphenolic flavonoid antioxidants like chlorogenic acid, neo chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, coumaric acid, ferulic acid etc.
  • It also contains high levels of the Bcomplex vitamins, niacin and pyridoxine.

Loquat Nutrition

 
Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica), Fresh,
 
 
Nutrition Value per 100 gms
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
47 Kcal
2.40%
Carbohydrates
12.14 g
9%
Protein
0.43 g
2%
Total Fat
0.20 g
1%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
1.70 g
4%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
14 mcg
3.50%
Niacin
0.180 mg
1%
Pyridoxine
0.100 mg
8%
Riboflavin
0.024 mg
2%
Thiamin
0.019 mg
2%
Vitamin A
1528 IU
51%
Vitamin C
1 mg
2%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
1 mg
0%
Potassium
266 mg
6%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
16 mg
1.60%
Copper
0.040 mg
4.50%
Iron
0.28 mg
3.50%
Magnesium
13 mg
3%
Manganese
0.148 mg
6.50%
Phosphorus
27 mg
4%
Selenium
0.6 mcg
1%
Zinc
0.05 mg
0.50%

Loquat Leaves

Source

Loquat Leaves

Loquat leaves are thick, large, glossy and dark green in color and are whorled at the tips. They have a leathery texture and have serrated margins.

The underside of the leaves have dense velvety hairs. The leaves are used to prepare herbal tea and are used in traditional medicine because of its amazing health benefits.

About Loquat

Latin Name : Eriobotrya japonica. In India, Loquat fruit is called Lukat or Lugath. Other common names are : Japanese medlar, Chinese plum, Japanese plum, Nispero, etc. In China, it is called 'pipa' and in Japan as 'biwa'

The Loquat tree belongs to the family Rosaceae and is native to China. From here, it spread to Japan around the year 700 AD so it has been cultivated for over a thousand years in Japan. It is among the first cultivated fruits in Asia. There are about 900 cultivars of Loquat. Japan leads the world's production of Loquat.

The Loquat tree is a small tree that is about 10-15 feet high, though it can reach a height of 30 feet. The tree grows best in subtropical and warm temperate areas of the world, doesn't like extreme heat and prefers partial shade.

It is often grown as an ornamental tree.

Loquat is grown in southern Japan, Taiwan, Europe, the Near, Middle, and Far East, North Africa, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the East Indies (at moderate altitudes), and North, Central, and South America.

In the Unites States is cultivated in Hawaii, Florida and California.

Loquat Blossoms

This cultivar is developed for home growing, The flowers open gradually and the fruit follows suit. This makes the fruit available over a longer period of time.
This cultivar is developed for home growing, The flowers open gradually and the fruit follows suit. This makes the fruit available over a longer period of time. | Source

Health Benefits of Loquat Fruit

Loquat fruit banishes exhaustion experienced in summer and refreshes the body.

The fruit that is rich in the insoluble dietary fiber, pectin binds to bile salts and cholesterol and removes them from the body. It therefore helps in lowering cholesterol.

The pectin also slows down the absorption of sugars and thereby regulates blood sugar levels.

The extremely high Vitamin A levels maintain eye health, mucus membrane health and skin health.


Other Uses of The Loquat

  • The wood is hard and close grained and therefore it is used in making drawing instruments.
  • The young branches are used as animal fodder.
  • Around the 1950s an essential oil was extracted from the flowers for making perfumes but it was not viable as the quantity was extremely low and the project was shelved.
  • The flowers have expectorant properties.

Precautions

Loquat seeds contain many toxic alkaloids and if ingested can even cause life threatening symptoms.

Avoid chewing the seeds.

References

http://www.organicauthority.com/fruits/loquat.html

http://www.edible.co.nz/fruits.php?fruitid=37

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/loquat.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loquat

http://www.hawaiifruit.net/loquat.html

http://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/loquat.html

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

Loquat Herbal Medicinal Teas (how to) - Part 1

Loquat Herbal Medicinal Teas (how to) UPDATES - Part 2

Cooking Loquat Jam Free Recipe

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly

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Comments 28 comments

carol7777 profile image

carol7777 3 years ago from Arizona

I think I have had loquats before..not sure though. Anyway thanks for sharing this information..and how healthy we all would be if we ate all your prescribed foods. Great job as always. voting up++ and pinning.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Lol! Carol, I'm just providing some info and to each his own. Thanks for the visit, votes and pinning.


rasta1 profile image

rasta1 3 years ago from Jamaica

It is called plums in Jamaica. The leaves are used by diabetics to help lower their sugar level. It is also used to lower blood pressure. It grows wild where I live.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

Many of the things you write about I will never see or taste, but it is interesting just learning about them. My education continues thanks to your teaching skills.


formosangirl profile image

formosangirl 3 years ago from Los Angeles

Thanks for the information. I am going across the street to pick some in my neighbor's neutral zone.


catmalone profile image

catmalone 3 years ago

While growing up as a kid we had loquat trees throughout the neighborhood. I remember eating them when they where really ripe and sweet. We ate plenty of them not knowing this fruit had so much nutritional value and health benefits. Nice hub with usefule information.


catmalone profile image

catmalone 3 years ago

I ate Loquats as a kid growing up. I remember them being so sweet and tasty not knowing that this tropical fruit contained so many health benefits and nutrition. Great Hub!


bdegiulio profile image

bdegiulio 3 years ago from Massachusetts

Hi rajan. Finally one that I have heard of and actually had. My in-laws down in Florida had a loquat tree for a number of years. That is the only place that I have seen this tree and fruit. We used to take a bunch of them hone with us after every visit. Great job. Voted up, shared , etc...


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 3 years ago from United States

I have heard of this fruit but never tasted it. Got to visit the Japanese store here...to get some.

Again, a useful hub, rajan. Thanks!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@rasta-you are right! The leaves are used to treat diabetes and a lot of other diseases. Thanks for your input.

@Bill-its always a pleasure to see you around. Many thanks.

@formosangirl-well, yes! It does grow there. Good to know. Glad you don't have to go far to have a them .

@catmalone-you must good about eating them whenever you could lay your hands on them after reading their benefits. Thanks for stopping by.

@Bill-good to know you have tasted this fruit. Nothing like having this tree at home or at one's in laws. Thanks for the read, votes and sharing.

@Ruchira-you might get it at the Indian vegetable market too. Thanks for stopping by.


Kathryn Stratford profile image

Kathryn Stratford 3 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

I didn't know that the seeds are not advisable to eat. Interesting.

As usual, you have provided many facts about the fruit that I didn't know, as well as recipe videos that look fantastic. Thank you for sharing this with us.


hawaiianodysseus profile image

hawaiianodysseus 3 years ago from Southeast Washington state

Hey, Rajan!

If the texture of a loquat fruit is similar to lychee (or litchi), then I've had it as a boy growing up in Hawai'i. I'm always astounded to read your articles and enjoy the beautiful color photos and videos that you share with us, especially when I recognize fruit and vegetables that were abundant in the islands. Thanks for sharing, my friend, and with such thoroughness and professionalism!

Aloha!

Joe


Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

Gypsy Rose Lee 3 years ago from Riga, Latvia

All of your hubs are interesting and informative but this one is also fascinating. Thanks for sharing. I had never heard of this fruit because of course we do not live in the tropics but during the summers we have a market full of all kinds of fruit will see if this shows up. Passing this on.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

One of my favorite fruits, I used to pick Loquat when I was much younger we had a tree and very tasty too. At the moment we have a tree in Croatia and hasn't yet beared any fruit still a young tree. Thanks for this informational hub.


Paul Kuehn profile image

Paul Kuehn 3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

rajan,

Once again this is a very useful and interesting hub. So many of your hubs on fruit and vegetables bring back memories of Taiwan in the 70s when I first experienced these foods. I remember using the word cumquat in referring to loquats. Are they the same? Both in Taiwan and in Thailand there is a syrup made from loquats which is effective in controlling cough. I have tried it with success. Do you have this syrup in India? Voted up and sharing with followers. Also Pinning and Tweeting.


sweetie1 profile image

sweetie1 3 years ago from India

I like this fruit. We got these couple of days back but because they are starting to just come in the season so they were more sour than i expected but didn't know they were so much good for health.


Careermommy profile image

Careermommy 3 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

Great info, as usual rajan. I remember eating Loquats as a kid. My neighbor had a Loquat tree, and we use to eat them in the summer. Little did I know there were so many great health benefits. Thank you for bringing those benefits to light.


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 3 years ago from South Africa

I love Loquat Fruit - The Afrikaans word for it is 'lukwart'. I had a crave for it while I was pregnant with my daughter.

Thanks for this most interesting information and free recipe.


alocsin profile image

alocsin 3 years ago from Orange County, CA

I have seen this fruit by various names in Malaysia and the Philippines (where it is called santol.) We had a tree full of it when I was growing up in Manila, and I used to love to climb it as a kid. Voting this Up and Useful.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

Hi Rajan,

My mother-in-law had a bunch of loquat trees in her backyard in San Antonio, Texas. The fruit is good when ripe. Birds also like it! I had no idea that tea could be made from the leaves. As usual, I learned much by reading this hub of yours. Gave it 5 stars, many up votes and will share.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@Kathryn-glad you found the info useful. Maybe, you'd like to try out the recipes?

@Joe-the texture is somewhat akin to the lychee so maybe it's loquat you had then. Aloha, my friend!

@Rasma - Actually, this fruit has a very thin skin and is therefore doesn't transport too well. Still, just hoping you manage to get it.

@Devika-Is the tree growing in your backyard? Then you are lucky!

@Paul-I'm not aware of a cough syrup being made here but we do get lots of fresh fruits and plants growing here. Appreciate the sharing of the hub.

@sweetie-thank you. Most of the fruits as they start arriving in the market haven't fully developed in taste.

@Tirralan-thanks for your input and visit.

@Martie-thanks for adding to this hub info. I can understand pregnant women craving for sour foods. Thanks.

@Aurelio-thanks for sharing this info. Though I never did climb this tree as a kid we were all over the mango trees.

@Peggy-I love the ripe fruit when it's not so sour. Glad you like the hub.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 3 years ago from Pune, India

I remember that I ate this fruit when I was a boy. It is not available in market easily.

As always, it is your great Hub with detailed information.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Mahaveer, luckily we can find loquat here and the season is just starting here. Thanks for reading.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

Hi Rajan,

I am going to start a fruit board on Pinterest and this will be the first entry. Good information to share with others as always. :)


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks Peggy and glad you find it good enough to pin it. Much appreciated.


Indian Chef profile image

Indian Chef 3 years ago from New Delhi India

This is popular fruit in Delhi and though out of season now, we had lots of it couple of months back. I didn't know its uses so thanks for sharing your knowledge with us. Voting up, useful and sharing.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Yes the fruit is off the markets now. Thanks for reading and sharing.


nurmahirahaidee@yahoo.com 2 years ago

Hai.. thanks for sharing...you know how can i. get its. I'm from malaysia

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    rajan jolly profile image

    Rajan Singh Jolly (rajan jolly)1,139 Followers
    310 Articles

    Rajan is a major in Botany and Chemistry. Has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years of his career breeding layer & broiler parents.



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