Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.
Latin Name : Vigna radiata
Sometimes, incorrectly termed as :
Phaseolus aureus or Phaseolus radiatus
Health Benefits Of Mung Beans
Mung beans offer antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive and antitumor effects.
Here are some specific health benefits of consuming mung beans regularly.
- Lowers Cholesterol & Heart Disease Risk
By preventing oxidation of LDL, mung beans keep the arteries clear and improve blood circulation. Not only does this reduce inflammation, but it also reverses damage to the blood vessels.
By preventing deposition of plaque the risk of heart attack & stroke is reduced as well.
- Easiest to Digest Among all Beans
Though all beans & legumes cause gas & abdominal bloating in some people, mung beans are the easiest to digest. Soaking the beans in water before cooking and also sprouting them reduces this issue.
- Lowers High Blood Pressure
A study in 2014, published in the Chemistry Central Journal, showed that rats given mung bean sprout extracts for a month significantly lowered systolic blood pressure levels.
It is believed that peptides that are present in high levels in these beans prevented the contraction of blood vessels.
- May Help Fight Cancer
The high levels of amino acids, oligosaccharides & polyphenols provide high antioxidant levels not only fight tumours and cancer but also protect against DNA damage and cell mutation.
The flavonoids vitexin & isovitexin have high free radical scavenging activities which help lower oxidative stress, the cancer causative factor.
This was found in a study done by the College of Food Science & Nutritional Engineering at the China Agricultural University.
- Decreases PMS Symptoms
The various B complex vitamins, especially folate & B6, and magnesium help regulate hormonal fluctuations which cause these PMS symptoms.
- May Prevent & Possibly Treat Diabetes Type 2
Not only do mung beans lower blood glucose levels, but they also reduce total cholesterol levels, triglycerides, plasma C peptides and glucagon levels, as was found in a study done by the Institute of Crop Sciences at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in 2008.
Mung beans also improved glucose tolerance and increased insulin responsiveness.
- Helps Reduce Weight & Fights Obesity
Mung beans are filling food. The high fibre & protein levels produce longer satiety times due to the double increase of the satiety hormone cholecystokinin as compared to meals that are devoid of these beans.
Therefore consuming mung beans on a regular basis helps decrease food intake, thus lower weight and aid in fighting obesity.
- Boosts Immunity & Protects Against Infections
The wide variety of phytonutrients in mung beans is not only anti-inflammatory but antimicrobial as well. These help fight harmful bacteria & viruses, maintain healthy gut bacteria and raise immunity levels. They ensure optimal digestive tract health and thus promote optimum nutrient absorption.
- Excellent Source of High-Quality Protein
Along with high levels of protein, mung beans contain high levels of globulin and albumin, the main storage proteins. These account for over 60% of their total amino acids.
The other amino acids including leucine, isoleucine & valine make the protein in mung beans, a complete protein.
For vegans & vegetarians, mung beans, therefore, are an important source of excellent and complete protein that is easily digestible as well.
- Provides Detoxification Benefits
Our ancestors knew about the detoxification effects of mung beans. The protein, tannin & other polyphenols are believed to combine with organophosphorus pesticides, mercury, arsenic and other heavy metals thereby promoting their excretion from the body.
- Improves Skin Health
Mung bean phytoestrogens have anti-ageing benefits as they stimulate the production of collagen, elasticin * hyaluronic acid, all essential to younger, healthier skin.
Nutrients in Mung Beans
Soaking mung beans in water before cooking reduces the causative anti-nutrients like raffinose, stachyose, and verbascose, as they are soluble in water. These anti-nutrients cause the gas and bloating effect usually noted after eating beans. However, these very anti-nutrients also serve as a dietary soluble fibre in the large intestine and help keep the stools soft.
In a nutshell, mung beans are:
- high in protein
- low in calories
- high in fibre
- low in fat
- low in sodium
- low in cholesterol
- contain good to high levels of several B-complex vitamins and some A, C, E and K
- have good to excellent levels of several minerals among them, calcium, potassium, iron, manganese, copper & magnesium
- have a low glycemic index of 25 & glycemic load of 4 making them an excellent choice for diabetics
- easily digestible
- balances the tri-doshas
- cooling to the body
- excellent source of antioxidants & phytonutrients
See the table below for detailed nutrient composition.
Mung Beans Raw (Moong Sabut) Nutritional Values
About Mung Beans
Among other names mung beans are also known as moong beans, mungo, mash beans, mungu, moong, green mung beans, green moong dal and green gram.
Mung beans are native to India from where they spread to Southeast Asia. They are a natural nitrogen fixer for the soil being legumes.
In Ayurveda, mung beans have been used for thousands of years. Historical evidence shows that they have been eaten in India for more than 4000 years.
Though these beans have not been much consumed in the West, since the past couple of decades, mung beans are getting popular in the US, and a major portion for consumption is imported from India & China, the rest being cultivated in house.
Mung beans are easy to digest, and, in Ayurveda, they are considered to be Sattvic food, meaning, wholesome food.
Mung beans are mostly eaten cooked in the form of dal in India. Soaking them before cooking and also adding various spices to it during cooking aids in combating the formation of gas & other digestive issues that is natural to all beans.
However, mung beans are considered to be much more easily digestible than most beans and legumes.
Mung beans can be eaten sprouted as well and is a popular way of eating them raw.
Wholesome & Healthy Sabut Moong Recipe
In my video below you can see how easy it is to prepare whole moong dal. Not only is it a delicious dal, it is extremely light to digest which is why doctors in India advise even those who are sick to consume this dal considering it is not only easy to digest but has a lot of nutrients as well. The table above shows the wide variety of nutrients present in this dal.
Whole Mung Beans Dal
Mung Bean Sprouts
An excellent way to bolster further the nutrient values of this dal is to sprout them. And it is not only easy but the dal sprouts quickly. All it takes is overnight soaking of the dal and another day hanging in a wet muslin cloth for it to be ready for consumption.
Mung beans are available in whole, split with the skin intact and split & skinned form. Sprouting the beans not only increases their nutrient availability and digestibility but also their levels.
The tiny mung beans are also a very filling food and offer huge health benefits as well. Ayurveda recommends mung beans as the perfect legume for the sick and combined with rice, as a khichdi, it makes for a perfect diet for the sick and those with weak digestive systems.
Li Shi Zhen (1518-1593), a Chinese doctor & pharmacologist, in his book Ben Cao Gang Mu recommends mung beans not only as dietary food because of the wealth of nutrients it has but also as a medicine, which Ayurveda said thousands of years earlier.
Moong Dal Khichdi
Watch my video below to see how you can prepare moong dal khichdi, a rice gruel made with split & skinned mung beans & rice, a dish light on the digestive system, and so nutritious, that doctors advise the sick, & those with a weakened digestive system, to consume it on a regular basis.
Moong Dal Khichdi
Mung Bean Dishes
Mung Dal Halwa - Mung Bean Pudding
A popular halwa/pudding prepared during celebrations like weddings, festivals like Holi, Diwali etc and as a dessert in winter months as it is warming. The video below is of a Punjabi style moong dal halwa.
Moong Dal Halwa - Mung Bean Pudding
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2016 Rajan Singh Jolly
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 10, 2018:
That is so good to hear Audrey! Thank you so much.
Audrey Hunt from Pahrump NV on July 09, 2018:
I've come back to tell you how much I enjoy mung beans and I owe it all to you. Thank you, my friend.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 09, 2018:
Oh yes Mary. Sprouting is a very common way of eating them here as well though many people cook sprouted mung beans which kills all the enzymes produced.
Thank you for visiting.
Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on January 26, 2018:
I love mung beans and glad to know how good it really is. Growing up, I remembered watching my aunts make mung bean sprouts.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 08, 2017:
Glad you like the information on Mung beans. I believe they are the healthiest of all beans & the lightest on digestion.
I'm certain you will benefit by incorporating them regularly in your diet.
Thanks for stopping by.
Audrey Hunt from Pahrump NV on October 21, 2017:
Thank you Rajan for introducing me to mung beans. I will make this nutritious food part of my diet. Beans are my food of choice...all kinds and varieties.
Peace and joy,
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 02, 2017:
I have fixed the videos now. I am not sure why there was no notification about the links not working as these are always reported. Anyway, you can see the videos now. I appreciate your interest Peggy. Thank you.
Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on July 02, 2017:
Most beans have really good nutritive values. I did not realize that the mung bean was so easily digested and more easily tolerated compared to others. I need to purchase some and fix them for us. By the way, neither of your videos worked. I was going to watch them and apparently they are now unavailable.
I love learning about nutrition of different foods from you. You always do such an excellent job of writing these articles.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 30, 2017:
swalia, yes, it would certainly do a world of good. Thanks for reading.
Shaloo Walia from India on June 29, 2017:
Wow...So many benefits!!! I don't like it but I guess,I should start eating it now.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 20, 2017:
Thanks for your input Chitrangada. Mung beans are among the lightest of dals and I believe the easiest on the digestive system. I'm sorry this reply to your comment comes is so late as this and a few other comments were overlooked.
Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on February 03, 2017:
Great article about Mung beans! You have included almost every detail about this super food. We include this nutritious bean almost regularly in our diet.
Thanks for sharing this excellent and well presented hub!
teaches12345 on December 10, 2016:
I am willing to try them, especially as they help with anti-aging skin. Good for the body and soul.
FlourishAnyway on December 06, 2016:
I've also missed you, Rajan. Good article. Never heard them called mung beans nut I like them a lot and cook them often.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 05, 2016:
Bill, so good to see you again. I missed being here too. Appreciate your stopping by.
Venkatchari M, I am sure most of us love this dal and have it at least once a week. Good to know you have this healthy dal more often. Thanks for reading my hub.
MsDora, great to know you've tasted the Indian style of preparation of this lentil and like it. My videos in this article show 2 ways this dal is used. Thanks for your continued support of my articles.
Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on December 02, 2016:
I've had mung beans dal at an Indian restaurant. Very tasty, and thanks to you I now know that it is very nutritious. Thanks for sharing the facts.
Venkatachari M from Hyderabad, India on December 02, 2016:
Very useful and informative hub. I prepare moong sabut dal 2, 3 times in a month and split mung dal also sometimes.
Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on December 02, 2016:
I'm missed these food articles from you. My education has been sorely lacking. Thanks for broadening my knowledge.