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The Health Benefits of Chikoo (Chickoo) or Sapodilla Fruit

Updated on April 26, 2016
rajan jolly profile image

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

About The Chikoo Tree

Latin Name : Manilkara zapota

The English name for is sapodilla, noseberry, mudapples etc.

In India, it is called chickoo, sapota among other names.

The Chickoo tree is native to Southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. It is a moderately tall tree in cultivation growing to about 30 to 50 feet in height with widely branching stem and branches.

The chickoo tree needs a tropical climate to grow and cannot survive freezing temperatures. It takes about 5 to 8 years to mature and yields fruit twice a year.

It is being cultivate in a big way in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, Maldives and Indonesia. It is also cultivated in Florida in the U.S.

A Chickoo vendor in India
A Chickoo vendor in India | Source

The Chickoo Fruit

The fruit is brown colored large berry which has 2 to 5 big, shiny and black colored seeds. The flesh is pale brown in color, smooth and buttery in feel with exceptionally sweet taste.

The raw fruit has a high latex content and a bit of latex remains even in the ripe fruit. The raw fruit skin is rough and leathery and it becomes smooth on ripening. an overripe fruit tastes mushy and fermented.

It is healthier to eat chickoo along with the skin.

The Chikoo Fruit

Source

Uses Of The Chickoo Tree And Fruit

The fruit is normally eaten as it is. It can be used to make milkshakes, smoothies, icecreams etc. In some countries it is crushed and boiled to make a syrup.

The gummy chickle is used to make gum in a big way some years back but this has now been mostly taken over by latex from other trees and other synthetic gums.

The wood is strong and durable and is used to make flooring, wooden carts, tool handles and railway crossties.

The red heartwood is used for making archer's bows, furniture, bannisters etc.

The bark is used by Philippine fisherman to tint their sails and fishing lines as it is rich in tannins.


Chickoo Fruits On The Tree

Source

Nutrients In Chickoo

  • Chickoo is abundant in fructose and sucrose.
  • It is good source of dietary fiber.
  • Rich in calories, provides about 83 calories per 100 grams.
  • Contains tannins, the polyphenolic antioxidants.
  • Chickoo contains a number of minerals like iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, copper and potassium as well as the Vitamins A, C, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid and folate.


Chickoo Flower and Buds

Source

Nutrients In Chikoo

 
Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota), fresh,
 
 
Nutritive value per 100 g.
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
83 Kcal
4%
Carbohydrates
19.9 g
15%
Protein
0.44 g
<1%
Total Fat
1.10 g
3.50%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
5.3 g
14%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
14 mcg
3.50%
Niacin
0.200 mg
1%
Pantothenic acid
0.252 mg
5%
Pyridoxine
0.037 mg
3%
Riboflavin
0.020 mg
1.50%
Thiamin
0.058 mg
5%
Vitamin A
60 IU
2%
Vitamin C
14.7 mg
24.50%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
12 mg
1%
Potassium
193 mg
4%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
21 mg
2%
Copper
0.086 mg
9%
Iron
0.80 mg
10%
Magnesium
12 mg
3%
Phosphorous
12 mg
2%
Selenium
0.6 mcg
1%
Zinc
0.10 mg
1%

Health Benefits Of Chickoo

  1. The dietary fiber prevents constipation and also binds to the toxins and eliminates them from the body thus protecting against colon cancer.
  2. The fruit has tannins that have anti inflammatory properties thus benefiting in gastritis, reflux esophagitis and bowel disorders.
  3. The high levels of Vitamin C and the levels of Vitamin A help to keep the mucus membranes and skin healthy. Vitamin C also boosts immunity, prevents infections and scavenges free radicals as well.
  4. Chickoo is a good anti diarrheal, hemostatic and is useful in piles because of the tannin content.
  5. The magnesium, calcium and phosphorus keep the bones strong while the magnesium benefits the heart and blood vessels.
  6. The fruit is a diuretic and prevents kidney disease.
  7. Potassium helps to regulate blood pressure and promote healthy circulation.
  8. Folate and iron help to prevent anemia.
  9. Chickoo strengthens the intestines and improves their performance.
  10. A decoction of the bark is good for fevers and diarrhea.
  11. The ground seeds are applied as a paste to alleviate sings and bites.
  12. Tea made of the bark also treats dysentery while the leaves are useful in treating cough, colds and diarrhea.


Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

Chickoo Milkshake with benefits

Menus of Maharashtra - Chikoo Ki Vadi

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly

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    • profile image

      Michael Friedman 3 months ago

      Very interesting video clip !

      NOTE: This chikoo milkshake is NOT recommended for Diabetics !

    • profile image

      Violet in ATL. 5 months ago

      I grew up eating lots of this fruit in Jamaica and I loved it.Didn't know all the benefits.Thanks for the info.

    • profile image

      shanaz 2 years ago

      I like it

    • Melissa Orourke profile image

      Melissa Orourke 2 years ago from Roatán, Islas De La Bahia, Honduras

      Thank you,

      We are living in Honduras and I am going to look for it!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for the effusive praise of this fruit.

      Good to know you like Chickoo and are fortunate enough to have a tree growing at home as well.

      Time was, and it still is, a poor man's fruit as it is not so expensive here. As a kid we had vendors selling this fruit even in local railway trains in Mumbai. Around Mumbai this fruit was in plenty and having spent all my childhood and growing years in Mumbai I had a chance to savor the buttery taste and sweet aroma of this delicious fruit almost everyday.

      Thanks for stopping by, Eliza.

    • profile image

      Eliza 2 years ago

      Stumbled across this and enjoyed your post!!

      I love this fruit! When I was a little girl it was a favorite falling in line with mango, star apples (aka caimito), sugar apples (aka custard apples or atis), soursop and jackfruit. To me, the chiku tastes like a fruit made or sweetened with lots of brown sugar. I would tell people it was "a little juicy, brown sugar fruit" in attempts to describe it's flavor. I have a tree here in Southern California but still waiting for it to mature enough so it will fruit. I cannot wait. ;) went to Hawaii last year and had freshly picked chiku from the trees. Yummmm... South Florida has tons of them too, especially in Miami. There is a popular fruit stand in Homestead, FL owned by a man named Robert that has plenty of chiku and Mamey type plus many more fruits that may be exotic to others who have not had the fortune to live in the tropics.

      Thanks for writing this. Excellent read!

    • profile image

      nilam patel 2 years ago

      Hi rajan i am from india and i have chiku farm also we r dealing in wholesale of chiku so if any company where chiku is to be used as a ingradients then we r ready to supply . Plz mail me meetpatel2012patel@gmail.com

    • profile image

      bs yadav 2 years ago

      Sir

      I have a tree of cheeku. Can you suggest me any medicine for growing.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks Shadaan, also for the share.

    • younghopes profile image

      Shadaan Alam 3 years ago from India

      loved reading it, and i love eating it too, shared hub

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks, Paul. It's nice to learn this information has been useful. I appreciate the votes and sharing too.

    • Paul Kuehn profile image

      Paul Richard Kuehn 3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      rajan,

      This is a very interesting and useful hub. Now I know the name for that strange kiwi look a like which I have occasionally been eating here in Thailand. I have learned a lot and thank you for sharing this information. Voted up and sharing with followers and on Facebook. Also Pinning and Tweeting.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Hi Peggy,

      I have a hunch you might just find them in the Asian market. Thanks for pinning it. Much appreciated.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Hi again Rajan,

      We do have a rather large Asian market that is near a Costco that we frequent. Will take a look and see if they have Chikoo or Sapodilla fruits for sale there. Will pin this to my Fruits board on Pinterest. I would really like to taste this fruit from your description of it.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Did you try looking for them in the Asian market. You might come across them. Thanks for stopping by, GTF.

    • Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

      Glimmer Twin Fan 4 years ago

      These look good. Too bad I have never seen them here in the States. I love trying new fruits and vegetables.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @Peggy-The taste is unlike any other fruit. Just sweet and the color externally is like a kiwi. Thanks.

      @Ruchira-thanks for stopping by.

    • Ruchira profile image

      Ruchira 4 years ago from United States

      This is one fruit which is dearly missed. It's health benefits are awesome!

      Thank you Rajan for a wonderful/interestinghub.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Hi Rajan,

      This is a fruit that I have never heard of nor seen in our grocery stores. We do get kiwis which you said look similar. If they grow in Florida, I would think that they might also grow in South Texas, but I have never seen such a tree. How would you best describe their taste besides being buttery, smooth and sweet? Is it similar to any other well known fruit? Rating this up, useful and interesting. Will also share.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @ Rasma - thanks and glad you like this info.

      @ sweetie - thanks for coming by.

    • sweetie1 profile image

      sweetie1 4 years ago from India

      very useful.. voted up.

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 4 years ago from Riga, Latvia

      Another great and informative hub. This was fascinating as I've never heard of the fruit. Passing this on.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @ Joe - chickoo looks like a kiwi but when cut is totally different in looks and taste. You might just find it in Hawaii. Thanks for looking this up, my friend.

      @ Bill - we are always learning! Always good to see yoy.

      @ Bill - I'm sure you'll be able to locate it in Florida. Thanks for reading and sharing.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi rajan. I have never heard of the Chikoo fruit or tree? How interesting. I will have to look for this next time we are in Florida. It's amazing how many interesting and healthy different fruits you come across. Another great job. Voting, sharing, etc.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      And once again you have named a fruit I have never heard of. It is a big world my friend, and so much I do not know. Thank you for the introduction and education, and have a great weekend.

    • hawaiianodysseus profile image

      Hawaiian Odysseus 4 years ago from Southeast Washington state

      Good morning, Rajan!

      This is yet another wonderful moment when I can say that I've learned something new. I have never heard of this fruit. However, because I have not lived for an extended amount of time in Hawai'i since the age of 18, I will ask my family if perhaps this fruit is now thriving there. If it is or has been there, and we just knew it by a different name, I'll be sure to get back to you. I'll have to see if it's sold in our grocery stores here...if not the fruit, then perhaps a derivative of it. Thanks for sharing, Rajan!

      Joe

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @ Rumana - yes chickoo is a very loved fruit. Thanks for stopping by.

      @ Jo - Thanks for the thumbs up. It is very popular in my country.

      @ Girish - We still eat a lot of chiku. Thanks for the vote up.

      @ Carol - I think they grow in Florida. Thanks for being so supportive of these hubs,

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona

      I love reading about all these different fruits...I am still concerned where to get them. Do they have them in the states and where. Thanks again for a great hub. Voting up and pinning.

    • girishpuri profile image

      Girish puri 4 years ago from NCR , INDIA

      Great share about Chikoo. I remember when i was very young, when ever i was having fever, my parents used to give me chikoo as meal, this is so powerful. thanks for the useful hub. God bless.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 4 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      A delicious little fruit, loved it as a child but I haven't seen it lately, must remember to look out for it. Another gem. Up and sharing.

    • rumanasaiyed profile image

      Rumana 4 years ago from Sharjah, UAE

      "Sapodilla" word is new for me. We just know it by chickoo .

      I just love chickoo Milkshake. But I think chickoo is not found in all Countries (I didn't found it in Australia)

      Your hub is very informative.

      Voted up Useful!

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