Health Benefits of Blueberries: Nutrition and Facts
Blueberries have incredible nutrition and health benefits. From their rich color to their amazing qualities, blueberries can provide you with stronger and healthier cardiovascular health, brighter vision and healthy brain function. Plus, a trimmer waistline. Take a look at the ten impressive reasons below for the facts as to why you should include this powerful berry in your daily diet.
Blueberries and Belly-Fat
Blueberries are proven to whittle away belly-fat. Yay! Recent studies have found that a diet of blueberries reduced abdominal fat in rats. Rats? Yes, I know you are not a rat but most studies start out with these pesky little creatures. Anyway, the rats ended up with reduced liver mass, a lower body weight and a lower total fat mass. Why is a smaller liver mass important? Because an enlarged liver has been linked to insulin resistance, obesity and is a flag for diabetes. Also, aside from the reduction of fat loss the study also showed lower triglycerides and bad cholesterol after consuming blueberries. Wait! There is more! Another benefit that was found was improved glucose and insulin levels. Basically, all of these results combined showed positive outcomes in combatting metabolic syndrome. So what does this mean? Blueberries may help reduce your belly-fat, may improve your insulin and glucose levels and they may help promote a healthy metabolism. Go blue!
Blueberries are Brain Boosters
Isn't it time to take care of the ol' noggin? More than a couple studies show blueberries improve brain function and may combat the start and/or progression of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Do I hear a yay for gray? Gray matter needs nutritional love too and blueberries are a healthy addition for boosting your brain function. The nutrients in blueberries include selenium, potassium, copper, zinc, manganese, anthocyanin, vitamins A, C, E and B complex. That is one busy little berry! That isn't even all the nutritional goodness found within a blueberry, but with studies showing damaged brain cells are healed and brain functions are improved, what more can you ask for? Ask for more blueberries!
Blueberries are Heart Healthy
Take heart and have a blueberry! Heart disease is no laughing matter. Take care of your ticker for years to come with a daily dose of blueberries. Blueberries are high in fiber and antioxidants. I'm sure by now you have heard that a fiber rich diet reaps many benefits and antioxidants punch away at cancer cells. Well, they also help dissolve the bad cholesterol that is flowing in your blood. A reduction of bad cholesterol is good for you, but why? Reduced cholesterol levels will improve your chances of avoiding the development of arteriosclerosis. What is arteriosclerosis you ask? Plaque build up in your arteries. This build up narrows the blood flow and hardens the arteries. Not good! Aside from combatting bad cholesterol, the nutrients in blueberries help promote healthy cardiac muscle tissue. Not a bad reason to toss in a few blueberries in your morning cereal or oatmeal.
"Daily Blueberry Consumption Improves Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women with Pre-and Stage 1-Hypertension"
— Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (2015)
Blueberries are Cancer Fighters
Muscle up against cancer with a daily cup of blueberries. These babies sure pack a punch of cancer blasting antioxidants. Blueberries have been found to be especially helpful in combatting colon, liver and ovarian cancer.
Vitamins C, copper and phenolic compounds make-up the antioxidant battle team that help inhibit cancer cells from progressing. Some studies even show that the blueberries contain super antioxidants, which may promote death of cancer cells. Now that's impressive!
Also, anthocyanins are the blue pigment found in blueberries. Anthocyanin are a rich source of antioxidants. An interesting fact, the anthocyanins and bioflavinoids in blueberries are more powerful than those found in red wine. Plus, blueberries have less calories than wine. So instead of grabbing for a glass of red you might want to consider a cup of blueberries.
Calories in Blueberries
Blueberries are Low in Calories
- One cup of nutritious blueberries has 85 calories!
- Blueberries are loaded with vitamin C and fiber.
- Just one cup of blueberries will provide you with almost 25% of your recommended daily intake of vitamin C.
Use blueberries in granolas, cereals or smoothies for a more nutritious low calorie, fiber filled meal.
Blueberry Nutrition Facts
Blueberries Boost your Immunity
Obviously blueberries are loaded with antioxidants, but did you know they are comprised of properties that are antibacterial and antiviral? Another fact, blueberries have the highest levels of antioxidants than any other fruit. Blueberries are rich in vitamins C, A, E and B complex. They also contain iron, selenium, copper and zinc. Even the blue shade of blueberries provides us with bioflavenoid and antioxidant rich anthocyanin. All of these wonderful elements will boost your immunity and help keep colds, infections and cancer causing free-radicals at bay.
Blueberries Keep Your Eyes Healthy
Keep your eye on the prize and enjoy healthy vision. Age related vision problems like cataracts, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy can be prevented with regular servings of fruit such as blueberries. The various vitamins, minerals and lutein found in blueberries are known to help maintain ocular health. Also, blueberries contain anthocyanosides, which reduce vision loss, eye strain and promote a healthy retina.
Blueberries Have Fiber!
Fiber should be an important part of your diet. Why not add blueberries during your day and keep things moving? Plus, fiber also helps you feel satisfied for longer periods of time between meals.
One cup of blueberries will provide you with 4 grams of fiber. That is equivalent to just about 15% the daily recommended serving of fiber. Not bad!
Blueberries Have a Low Glycemic Index
Keep your insulin in check and control your sugar levels with blueberries.
Low glycemic levels in foods mean that energy will be released for an extended period of time. You will feel fuller longer and won't feel the crash you feel with high gycemic foods. Basically, high glycemic foods are high in sugar and low in fiber.
Know your glycemic levels. Levels are identified by GI (Glycemic Index)
- Low: 55 or less
- Medium: 56 - 69
- High: 70 or above
The GI of blueberries is low with a value of 53.
Blueberries: Books, Studies and Findings
What is reason number ten to eat blueberries? Proof. Blueberries have been proven to be a healthy superfood. Take a look at the following books, studies and findings of this wonderful little berry.
Feed Your Brain, Lose Your Belly by, Larry McCleary
The New Glucose Revolution Low GI Guide to Diabetes: The Only Authoritative Guide to Managing Diabetes Using the Glycemic Index by, Jennie Brand-Miller
Short-term blueberry-enriched diet prevents and reverses object recognition memory loss in aging rats,David Malin, May 2010:These results suggest that a considerable degree of age-related object memory decline can be prevented and reversed by brief maintenance on blueberry diets.
Dietary intakes of berries and flavonoids in relation to cognitive decline, Elizabeth E. Devore ScD, Jae Hee Kang ScD, Monique M. B. Breteler MD, PhD, Francine Grodstein ScD, April 2012: Greater intakes of blueberries and strawberries were associated with slower rates of cognitive decline.
Strawberries, Blueberries, and Cranberries in the Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Perspectives, Arpita Basu and Timothy J. Lyons, November 2011: ...blueberries lowering systolic and diastolic blood pressure and lipid oxidation and improving insulin resistance...
Prospecting Antioxidant Capacities and Health-Enhancing Phytonutrient Contents of Southern Highbush Blueberry Wine Compared to Grape Wines and Fruit Liquors,Wade Yang, Senem Guner, Cheryl Rock, Akshay Anugu, Charles Sims, Liwei Gu, 2012: Results show that blueberry wines could be more potent than most red, Rose and white wines in health enhancement and disease prevention from the antioxidant perspective.
Dietary supplementation with blueberry extract improves survival of transplanted dopamine neurons, 2006: The exact mechanisms contributing to poor neuronal survival in cell transplantation paradigms for Parkinson's disease (PD) are unknown. Supplementation with dietary blueberry extract (BBE) prevents oxidative stress-associated impairment of striatal motor function during aging and restores lost motor function in aged rats.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2012 Marisa Hammond Olivares
williamdavid413 on February 08, 2018:
Thanks for such a great post share with all of us its worthy for me. thank again
Lesa Thomas on April 28, 2016:
Good post for health benefit of blueberry. It also good presented to know it very well.
Thanks for sharing.............
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 14, 2015:
Glenn Stork, thank you for the supportive comment. I need to up my blueberry intake as well. I appreciate you stopping by to read and comment.
Glenn Stok from Long Island, NY on August 13, 2015:
I knew that blueberries are antioxidants and that they are heart friendly, but I'm glad to have learned from you that they are also good for boosting brain function. I do include blueberries in my diet once in awhile, but I should really increase it. Your hub is a great reminder of the importance of eating blueberries. Thanks.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 03, 2015:
Alphadogg16, thank you! Glad to hear you incorporate blueberries in a variety of ways.
Kevin W from Texas on August 03, 2015:
A very well written and informative article on the benefits of Blueberries missolive. I love them personally and frequently add them to my protein shakes, pancakes and oatmeal. Thumbs up on your hub.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 03, 2015:
Thank you Kloud stryfe, I'm glad you found this to be informative.
John from Foster on August 02, 2015:
Amazing post. So informative!
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 20, 2015:
word55, thank you very much for the accolades and comments. I'm thrilled to hear you will be adding more berries to your daily diet.
FatBoyThin, blueberries and porridge are the best! I love them that way too. I especially enjoy them in smoothies. Thank you for reading and commenting.
poetryman6969, they certainly are! Thank you for reading.
Kristen Howe, thank you! I appreciate your comment and votes.
Jaccob9205, your secret is safe with me...I can't vouch for the others though ;)
Al Wordlaw from Chicago on July 19, 2015:
Well MsOlive, I gave you all 5 accolades, the thumbs up and kudos for such an interesting and educational hub. I usually eat Blueberries but now I'm going to add them to my daily diet. That means I'll need to go to the produce market every two or three days to get freshies. Anyway, good seeing you. Have a nice day!
Colin Garrow from Inverbervie, Scotland on May 22, 2015:
I've been eating blueberries for years, but I only really have them with porridge - maybe it's time to look at a few blueberry recipes. Great Hub, voted up.
poetryman6969 on April 26, 2015:
Blueberries are indeed good food! Voted up.
Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on April 17, 2015:
Marissa, though I'm not a huge fan of blueberries, this was real interesting and useful to know about its many health benefits. Voted up!
Jacobb9205 on April 01, 2015:
Thank you for this top 10 list! I will definitely be eating blueberries daily now! Mainly because of number 7, as I have dry eyes and they strain a lot on
the computer, etc because I'm meant to wear glasses for computer use, shh lol.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on February 13, 2015:
Pennyforyourthots, thank you for reading and commenting. I'm glad to hear you are motivated to go out and buy blueberries.
Pennyforyourthots on February 10, 2015:
Wow, very informative and interesting hub! I'll be sure to buy some blueberries. Thanks for sharing!
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on January 09, 2015:
Journey*, thank you very much, I'm glad you liked it. I appreciate the vote up.
deborahmorrison, isn't it amazing? They are one tough berry! Thank you for ready and commenting...and cheers to your health.
Deborah Morrison from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on January 08, 2015:
Always good to give your health a boost through natural foods. Along with being a powerful antioxidant, blueberries have many more benefits that I was previously unaware of until I read your hub. Think I'll go out and purchase more blueberries.
Nyesha Pagnou MPH from USA on January 08, 2015:
This is a great hub. Thanks for so thoroughly discussing the important health benefits of eating blueberries. You've highlighted some really important aspects. Voted up.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 05, 2014:
Miss Muse, Hi there! Thank you for stopping by to read and comment.
Christine Rogers from Ohio on August 05, 2014:
I love blueberries- I must eat them more often
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 26, 2014:
Princessa, that is such a cool fact! Thank you for sharing that with me, it is another testimony supporting how great these berries are. I appreciate you stopping by to read and comment.
Wendy Iturrizaga from France on July 26, 2014:
During the 2nd world war, pilotes of the Royal Air Force were given blueberry juice to increase their visual performance.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 14, 2014:
Raimer Gel, oh my goodness, really? Hmmm, maybe you can find them in the freezer section at your grocery store.
thefedorows, they sure do taste great, I absolutely love them in my smoothies. Thank you for the vote.
Mrinfo10, yes, boost that brain power and eat your blueberries. :)
Josh Robert from PA on July 13, 2014:
The only benefit I forgot about was the "brain boosting" part. I think I'll go buy some blueberries ( :
thefedorows from the Midwest on July 09, 2014:
Number 11: They just taste so good! Lovely hub. Voted up!
Raimer Gel on July 09, 2014:
I have not tasted a single blueberry yet! It does not thrive in our place.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 08, 2014:
PegCole17, I've been tempted to plant them in South Texas but it gets so hot down here. I should pick the right spot and give it a try. Yes, the nutritional benefits are amazing. It truly is a great berry. Thank you for coming by to read and comment, it is greatly appreciated.
FlourishAnyway, heck, you've got ME craving blueberry pie! Ha! Yum, I can't even begin to imagine what freshly picked blueberries taste like. I have to resort to frozen berries. I always keep a large bag in the freezer. Thank you for reading.
FlourishAnyway from USA on July 08, 2014:
You've made me hungry for blueberry pie. It's blueberry season here; I'll be picking next week and making all kinds of good stuff. I like all the health benefits you highlight here.
Peg Cole from Northeast of Dallas, Texas on July 08, 2014:
This is incentive for me to buy some more blueberry plants. I bought two small shrubs at Home Depot a couple of years ago and planted them in containers on my porch. They survive the Texas winter and come back each spring to give me an incredible quantity of fruit each June.
I had no idea that these little berries had such a wide variety of nutritional and health benefits. Hooray.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on January 08, 2014:
Heigi Torons, yes they are. Thank you for reading and commenting.
Helgi Torons on December 23, 2013:
Blue berries are great. They are relatively low in calories and rich in nutrients. They are especially recommended to treat bladder infections.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 31, 2013:
Blueberries and spinach are a great mix, I bet they taste great with raspberry vinaigrette. Thank you for reading and commenting.
Amy L. Tarr from Home on June 30, 2013:
I love putting blueberries in my spinach salads. They go amazing with raspberry vinaigrette. Now I can feel even better about that salad.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on June 17, 2013:
jamessmith, thank you for the Brussels Sprouts info
iguidenetwork, blueberries are a great berry to add for busting belly fat. All of the other benefits are awesome as well. Thank you for reading, commenting and voting.
DaffodilSky, thank you! Yes, more of us should add blueberries to our morning breakfast. I LOVE muesli. Glad you came by to read and comment. Enjoy your blueberries.
Helen Lush from Cardiff, Wales, UK on June 15, 2013:
This is a really good hub - voted up and useful. I will be adding a few to my breakfast muesli in future!
iguidenetwork from Austin, TX on December 13, 2012:
Hmmmmm! Blueberries bust belly fat! I'm going to eat them more often from now on. Thanks for your recommendation! Voted up and useful.
jamessmith on December 12, 2012:
Thanks for good article. for example- Brussels sprouts are people in the Brassica family and for that reason kin to broccoli and cabbage. They resemble miniature cabbages, with diameters around 1 inch. They grow in bunches of 20 to 40 around the stem of a plant that grows up to three feet tall.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on November 12, 2012:
Rex Smith, they are pricey, I try to keep a bag of frozen blueberries in the freezer. I tend to have more of them over the summer months but obviously we should eat them every chance we get. Thank you for reading and commenting.
Rex Smith from Leicester, United Kingdom on November 03, 2012:
Very nice article, but blueberries costs a bomb and can't afford to have it every day.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on October 24, 2012:
Thank you Ted
ted on October 24, 2012:
your page is amazing i learn a lot from it
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on September 06, 2012:
tailfonso, thank you so much and I am glad to share this hub with you.
talfonso from Tampa Bay, FL on September 05, 2012:
Blueberries are my favorite berries! Being born and raised in New Jersey and now living in Florida (both of them good for them) are just two reasons why, besides the others stated in your Hub! Thanks for taking the time to write this!
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 20, 2012:
M E Whelan, blueberries are almost always found in my fridge as well. Actually, in my freezer. Thank you for reading and commenting. Enjoy your bluebberries.
M E Whelan on August 18, 2012:
I enjoyed this Hub. No matter what other fruit(s) I buy or don't buy, I always keep a pint of blueberries in my refrigerator. Besides the health benefits, I just find them one of the "milder" and easier to eat fruits.
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 11, 2012:
Green Art, they sure are a flexible lil' berry, aren't they? Glad you found this hub and enjoyed reading about the various benefits.
Laura Ross on August 10, 2012:
I'm a fan of blueberries too so this hub caught my eye. So many great things to say about them and so little time, right? I love making muffins with them and use applesauce instead of oil to make them a bit healthier. That way eating two in one sitting isn't so bad.
A bowl of blueberries and "Silk" soy protein milk is a great treat too. Voted Up and Useful!
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on August 08, 2012:
juicingforhealth, lol that was funny. Blueberries are great though. Glad to hear you enjoy them.
juicingforhealth from Spain on August 08, 2012:
Very informative. Most fruit packs a healthy punch but blueberries are fantastic. Last time I ate them I was on holiday in Canada. Doubt they did me much good though as they were "coated" in pancakes and smothered in maple syrup. ;)
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 30, 2012:
georgescifo, I'm so sorry to hear blueberries are not available in your area. Perhaps you can get them frozen? I do want to thank you for taking the time to read and comment. I'm glad you found it useful and informative. Thanks again.
georgescifo from India on July 30, 2012:
Voted useful for this informative hub. Unfortunately blueberries are not available at my place.. :)
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 30, 2012:
Scribenet, thank you! Isn't that the truth? Tasty and healthy. Glad you came by to read and comment. Thanks again.
Maggie Griess from Ontario, Canada on July 30, 2012:
I love blueberries and bonus, they are so healthy to eat! Thanks for the information this is a great article!
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on July 21, 2012:
ideasinked, Thank you so much! I appreciate you reading and commenting. Enjoy your blueberries. :)
ideasinked from Mumbai, India. on June 26, 2012:
So informative and your research is too good!
I love blueberries and I'm going to eat them frequently now! :)
Marisa Hammond Olivares (author) from Texas on June 08, 2012:
sholland10, Hi Susan, yes, they do pack a punch. I'm glad to hear you'll be boosting up your blueberry intake. Stay healthy my friend. :)
livingpah2004, I totally agree! Thank you so much for reading and for your votes.
teaches12345, yay blueberries! Eat up! Thanks for the votes and I'm happy you came by.
Gypsy Rose Lee, I'm thrilled to know I provided additional info. Glad to see you.
hi friends, thank you so very much.
Grace Whites, I'm glad to share. Thank you for reading.
RTalloni, Thank you! Your hubs are awesome and I'm honored to be included. You have a couple of great blueberry recipes for muffins and cobbler that I linked on another hub - yum!
Good Lady, thank you! I do hope you are able to find and include blueberries in your daily diet.
CloudExplorer, wow! What a comment! Congratulations on improving your diet. I wish I could go completely organic but it is not a reality for me. It is expensive but I do try to eat as healthy as possible. I have a stubborn sweet tooth though :)
Deborah Brooks, thank you for sharing! Your own blueberry bush, how cool is that?! I think I'm jealous :)
Injured lamb, what a great compliment. Yes, I do care and I'm glad to share what I learn and research. Thank you!
unknown spy, how sweet! Thank you.
Sharyn's Slant, Hi Sharon! I was amazed how many research studies have been done on blueberries. They have lots of proof supporting their wonderful health benefits. I'm glad you liked the slideshow. :)
AustinStar, Oh my gosh - a blueberry muffin sounds really good right now. By the way, fresh blueberries are a great addition to a fruit smoothie. Give it a try. Thanks Lela.
Rajan, thank you for sharing this hub. You are THE MAN when it comes to healthy foods and I'm thrilled you liked this. Thank you for your support.
mwilliams66, Thanks! Aren't they amazing? Thank you for sharing and I'm glad you found my info interesting.
mwilliams66 from Left Coast, USA on June 07, 2012:
What a wonderfully informative hub. I knew that blueberries were considered a super-food and I had increased our consumption of them, but I honestly did not know all the ways they aid in health.
Comprehensive and interesting with great use of photographs. Sharing everywhere.
Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 05, 2012:
Excellent hub on a very healthy berry. Blueberries win hands down against the other fruits.
Marisa, this is an exceptionally well laid out and attractive hub.
Thanks for sharing such useful and important health information. Shared on FB & G+1.
Voted up, useful & awesome.
Lela from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on June 04, 2012:
I like blueberries, but I don't like eating them raw. Somebody please post some good recipes using fresh blueberries.
Oh wait, I have a 4 fruit muffin that I make with blueberries. I shall do a hub on it.
Sharon Smith from Northeast Ohio USA on June 04, 2012:
Great hub MO! I learned many things that I had no idea about. This is packed with great research. I love the "slide show" photos and your list of studies/findings is an awesome addition.
Life Under Construction from Neverland on June 01, 2012:
Congrats for another wonderful piece missolive! Thank you for the info. i love blueberries..
Injured lamb on June 01, 2012:
Really thanks for the great information provided...I can tell that this is a sincere work from you to us...a well organized with thorough details...appreciate much missolive. you have done us a good job! Cheers!
Deborah Brooks Langford from Brownsville,TX on May 30, 2012:
I Love Blueberries.. we have our own blueberry bush in the back yard.. we eat blueberries all the time..
thanks for a great hub Ms. Olive
Mike Pugh from New York City on May 30, 2012:
Awesome hub MissOlive as always, and I truly enjoy the rich nutritional info here for sure. I have moved into the organic side of things these days when it comes to nutrition, and any relevant info that helps me locate more about it all helps a great deal such as your hub here has done.
Antioxidants is the key to reversing all the harmful effects of poor nutrition, oh yes indeed, and if it wasn't for my wife pointing such a fact out I to me a while back, I wouldn't be on the right track today, she's been a health guru for quite sometime so I can now comprehend what it is that folks been talking about these days with it all.
Oxidation is no joke, but the worst kind is when humans help to induce its occurrence in foods by processing or cooking them, polluting or genetically modifying them.
You definitely hit the register here with me, voted up and getting shared elsewhere. Thumbs up to your awesome writing and new found content placement techniques.
Penelope Hart from Rome, Italy on May 30, 2012:
Just such a really informative handsome looking Hub! Got a lot out of it. Not a lot of blueberries where I come from but next time I see them (if I can afford them, I'll buy them)!
RTalloni on May 30, 2012:
I love that prescription--1 cup of blueberries per day. Thanks for posting this information. Linking to my two blueberry hubs, if you have no objection.
Grace Whites from Manalapan, New Jersey, USA on May 30, 2012:
Good things to know about benefits in blueberries. Thank you for sharing this beneficial post.
hi friends on May 30, 2012:
vote up, very useful and have a great effort to share such a valuable ideas.
Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on May 30, 2012:
Voted up, useful and interesting. Thanks for sharing this very informative hub. Didn't know the blueberry had such power. Best thing is they are delicious. Passing this on.
Dianna Mendez on May 29, 2012:
Let's hear it for blueberries! They are certainly worth eating at any time of day and every occasion. I will be buying these more often. Voted up!
Milli from USA on May 29, 2012:
Awesome hub. I love blueberries and try to include as much as possible in my daily diet. Why not when you get top health benefits from it. There is no reason not to eat it. Useful and Voted up!
Susan Holland from Southwest Missouri on May 29, 2012:
Wow, blueberries pack a punch for so many good, healthy issues. I love them, but I didn't know they did all of these things. I will be upping my intake, especially for the brain booster. Votes and shared! :-)