Physical conditioning is a process by which individuals are trained in a progressive manner in order to accomplish physical fitness and body composition goals. Challenging workout sessions, using a variety of fitness components and techniques, is the means that will afford you the opportunity the get and stay fit while reducing body and gaining lean muscle mass.
Circuit training is a training routine in which a variety of drills and exercises are utilized. These workouts can be done in an individual or group setting. Circuit training provides variety and challenges, and progressive programming can allow participants to advance at their own rate.
The goal of circuit training is to develop strength and endurance through a systematic program involving various stations where exercises are performed. These exercises should be performed in a vigorous manner for a short period of time before moving on to the next station and different exercises.
The strenuous activity in short periods assures that the body is constructively stressed, or overloaded. Overload is a key fundamental of physical conditioning. In order to improve, exercises must go beyond an individual's comfort zone or exceed the body's normal workload. The variety of exercises allows the total body to be trained while giving relative rest to one portion of the body while another is being overloaded. The sum of the parts of the circuit workout far exceeds the benefits to any specific muscle group.
The exercises selected for the circuit's stations are determined by the goal of the workout.
Equipment-free circuits can be completed regardless of the location where conducted. These are commonly used by member of the armed forces; Marines and Sailors can conduct these workouts on the deck of a ship. Not having a gym or place to train is no longer a valid excuse!
Fixed circuits require equipment that is normally "fixed" in place; such as a gym of a community fitness trail. If the circuit workout calls for a cardiovascular component, replace jogging with a jumping rope or an exercise machine such as the treadmill or stationary bike.
To increase the intensity or difficulty of a fixed circuit:
- increase the number of repetitions or weight used;
- increased the time per station;
- increase the number of times or rounds that the circuit is completed.
Design of a Circuit Training Workout
The goal of the workout will determine the exercises and the number of stations included in the circuit. A circuit workout designed specifically for developing lower or upper body strength will need fewer stations than that designed for total body development. Additionally, the number of stations and active recovery distance or time will determine the number of times (rounds) that the circuit must be repeated.
As one's conditioning level increases, consideration must be given to increasing the workout's intensity by adding distance, repetitions, or stations.
Stations should be organized in a manner that allows for recovery between difficult exercises and muscle groups worked at the various stations.
The Basic Cardiovascular and Muscular Endurance Circuit
This circuit is designed to improve cardiovascular and muscular endurance by exercising hard at eight stations with a slow one hundred meter (100m) jog used as recovery between stations. Each round is 1/2 mile in length.
This workout is designed to last forty-five to sixty minutes including a warm-up and cool down period. Well-conditioned participants should strive to complete three rounds of this circuit.
Your fitness level and experience conducting circuit training should determine the repetitions and rounds you attempt while tackling this circuit. Intermediate and advanced level practitioners should aim at completing three rounds of the full circuit.
A recommended training progression is provided in the table, below. Note that there are "A" and "B" workouts for each level. The "A" progression focuses on the cardiovascular portion of the circuit while the "B" progression aims at gradually improving muscular endurance. It is recommended that you work on both the "A" and the "B" progressions to fully benefit from this circuit and provide a well-rounded base from which you can gradually improve.
The one hundred meter slow jog recovery remains constant throughout the training progression.
|LEVEL||ROUNDS||EXERCISE REPETITIONS||SPRINT DISTANCE|
Advanced Beginner A
Advanced Beginner B
Circuit Training for Cardiovascular Endurance
Cardiovascular and muscular endurance circuits develop cardiovascular and muscular fitness through the use of calisthenics coupled with jogging. Individuals who train using the aforementioned workout and training principles enjoy three distinct benefits:
- Progressive training and overload to gradually improve conditioning;
- Ability to train individually or simultaneously with a group;
- Improvement of both endurance and muscle tone in a single training session.
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Until next time...be healthy and get fit.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2016 Kevin P McClernon
c on February 28, 2019:
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